Teacher Image

Santosh Kumar

Science & Technology and Current Affairs

Timeline

teacher Image

13-Jul-2020 21:58:44 PM

Daily Answer Writing Practice (Ques-17) [14th July 2020]

Dear Students, 

Please find below the question for daily answer writing practice for tomorrow 

 

[14th July 2020]: "India and Australia needs to build a series of bilateral and minilateral platforms for regional security cooperation to limit the dangers of the growing geopolitical imbalance in the Indo-Pacific" Discuss [12.5 marks, 200 words][GS2 International Relations]

 

Will share a model answer at 9 pm, 14th July 2020 

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

13-Jul-2020 02:32:54 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Ques: 16 [13th July 2020]

         [13th July 2020]: Discuss various theories explaining formation of the Moon. How has recent findings by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) modified our understanding about the origin of the Moon? (15 marks, 250 words) [GS1 - Geography] 


Moon, around 1/4th the size of earth and orbiting 3.8 lakh kms away from it, is it’s only natural satellite. The question about how Moon was formed has intrigued scientists for long and over the years, many different theories have been proposed:

1)    In 1838, George Darwin suggested that initially both Earth and Moon were a single body, which over the period took a dumbbell shape and separated into two different bodies.

2)    Some scientists also suggest that depression which is currently filled by the Pacific Ocean may have been the source of material from which Moon has been formed.

3)    But, the Big Splat theory is the most popular one. Here, Scientists suggest that around 4.5 billion years ago, when Earth was just formed, a body of around same size of that of Mars collided with Earth and separated a big mass from it. This mass kept revolving around Earth and formed Moon around 4.4 billion years ago. This is also supported by the fact that the chemical composition of Moon is similar to that of Earth.

 

Recent Findings of NASA and its implications: The Miniature Radio-Frequency (Mini-RF) detector of the NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter have recently found that the sub-surface of the Moon (2-5 kms) may have much higher concentration of metals (especially Iron and Titanium oxides) than what was previously thought.

This could mean that Moon may have been formed of material much deeper from the surface of Earth. Moreover, it indicates that Moon’s Molten surface cooled much more gradually.

 

Above findings clearly indicate that our understanding of the origin of Moon and its relationship with earth is incomplete and a lot of research still needs to happen in future.



Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

13-Jul-2020 01:15:32 AM

Prelims Facts: EB&CC: THE GREEN CARPENTER BEE (XYLOCOPA AERETA)

-        Why in news?

ú  Australian Bushfires have significantly increased the risk of local extinction of the Green Carpenter Bee species. 

 

-        Details of the Bee

ú  The green carpenter bee (Xylocopa aerata) is an iconic, beautiful native species described as a ‘jewel of nature’ for its metallic green and gold coloring. Carpenter bees are so named because they excavate their own nests in wood, as opposed to using existing holes.

ú  It has a body length of 2 cm and is amongst the largest native Bees in Southern Australia.

ú  It is a buzz pollinating species. Buzz pollinators are specialist bees that vibrate the pollen out of the flowers of buzz-pollinated plants. Many native plants of southern Australia like guinea flowers, velvet bushes, Senna, fringe, chocolate and flax lilies, rely completely on buzz-pollinating bees for seed production. Introduced honey bees don't pollinate these plants.

ú   

-        Why bushfires have made them vulnerable to extinction?

ú  the species uses dead wood for nesting, which burns easily

ú  if the nest burns before the offspring matures in late summer, the adult female might fly away but won’t live long enough to reproduce again, anthe bees need floral resources throughout the year

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

11-Jul-2020 02:02:39 AM

Dharma Chakra Day

-        Why in news?

o   President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the Dharma Chakra Day from Rashtrapati Bhavan (July 2020)

 

-        Details

o   The International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), under the aegis of Union Ministry of Culture, is celebrating Asaadh Poornima as Dharma Chakra Day.

o   The day commemorates Buddha's first sermon to his first five ascetic disciples at the Deer Park, in the present day Sarnath near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

o   The day is also celebrated by Buddhists all over the world as the day of Dharma Chakra Parvattan or "Turning of the Wheel of Dharma".

o   The rainy season retreat (Varsha Vass) of Buddhist monks and nuns also start with this day.

o   The day is also marked as Guru Purnima (by both Hindus and Buddhists) as a day to mark reverence to their gurus.

·       In Hinduism, the day is dedicated to Maharshi Ved Vyas.

o   The day is celebrated on first full moon day of the month of Asadh as per Hindu Calender.

 

-        Key Events

o   PM Modi's special video address

o   A special address by PM of Mongolia.

·       A valuable Buddhist manuscript of Indian origin preserved in Mongolia for centuries was also presented to President of India.

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

10-Jul-2020 23:22:48 PM

ADENOVIRUS COVID-19 VACCINE

-        Why in news?

o   The first COVID-19 vaccine to reach phase-1 clinical trial has been found to be safe, well tolerated, and able to generate immune response against SARS-COV-2 in humans: Lancet (May 2020) 

o   In July 2020, it has reached the Phase-3 of the trial

 

-        About the Vaccine

o   The vaccine, ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, uses the common cold virus (adenovirus) that causes infection in Chimpanzees. It has been genetically altered so that it doesn't grow once injected. The construct carries the genetic material of the novel Coronavirus that makes the spike protein.

·       Note: the spike protein is found on the surface of the virus and plays a crucial role in binding to specific human receptors found on cell surfaces and entering the cells.

o   Spike protein will help the body recognize it and make antibodies against the spike protein. The antibodies produced will help mount an immune response and prevent the virus from entering the human cells and causing an infection.

o   The vaccine has been developed by the Oxford University in collaboration with pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca.

o   In past, the ChAdOx1 vaccine technology has been used to produce candidate vaccine against a number of pathogens including Flu, Chikungunya, Zika and another Coronavirus - MERS.

 

-        A phase-1 trial demonstrated that a single dose of the new adenovirus type 5 vectored COVID-19 (Ad5-nCoV) vaccine produces virus specific anti bodies and T-cells in 14 days. 

o   The trial was carried out on 108 participants aged 18-60 in Wuhan, China.

o   This is the first covid-19 vaccine to be tested on humans.

 

By July 2020, it had reached Phase-3 trial
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

09-Jul-2020 05:27:42 AM

India-Australia Relations

-        Why in news?

§  India and Australia held the first virtual Summit in June 2020.

 

-        Example questions:

§  "Despite differences that remain, there is clear evidence of growing strategic convergence between India and Australia in the realm of security" Discuss [10 marks, 150 words] 

§  Shared Strategic concerns, deeper people-to-people contacts and economic ties are driving the Indo-Australia cooperation. Elaborate [10 marks, 150 words]

§  "India and Australia needs to build a series of bilateral and minilateral platforms for regional security cooperation to limit the dangers of the growing geopolitical imbalance in the Indo-Pacific" Discuss [10 marks, 150 words]

§  To what extent the use of soft power like sports, cultural exchange, people to people contact help in enhancing India-Australia cooperation? Discuss with suitable examples [12.5 marks, 200 words]

 

-        Background

§  Australia has loomed large in modern India's consciousness - as the land of cricket champions. But, there was little else binding the two nations during the 20th century. This was despite the common political values and the shared English language.

 

-        Four Deep Structural impediments which prevented India-Australia Cooperation

§  Logic of Cold War: Australia was among USA's and Britain's closest allies, while India had opted for non-alignment.

§  Pakistan Factor: Here again, Cold War imperatives meant that Australia sided with Pakistan- a member of Anglo-American alliances - rather than India.

§  India's Nuclear status outside NPT led to Australia taking a particularly strong stand against India specially after the 1998 nuclear test.

§  However, the NSG waiver of 2008 and the bilateral civil nuclear agreement in 2014-15 largely addressed the concern.

§  Absence of Economic Content in the past

§  This has changed today and India is among top five export destination of Australia and Australia is a top 20 trade partner for India.

§  Trade in services have specially done well in areas like education, ICT, and tourism. But, even now merchandize trade is way below potential.

§  Absence of People to People Contact - the backdrop to this was the "white Australia" policy which discouraged migration from Asia.

§  In recent years, however, Indian immigrants are among the largest contributors to Australia's population growth.

 

-        The End of Cold War, India's nuclear mainstreaming, Australia's demographic diversification and a growth in economic ties have today altered the reality of India-Australia relations

§  Over the last decade, though, there has been a steady improvement in the quality and intensity of the political, commercial, cultural, educational, and technological engagement between the two nations

 

-        Other Commonalities which bring India Australia together 

§  System of government- Both are liberal democracies with federal structure, free press and independent judicial system.

§  Security and stability of Indo-Pacific is fundamental to both of us

§  English language, cricket, and Indian diaspora also provide important link between India and Australia.

§  Australia is in India's extended neighbourhood.

 

-        Complementarities

§  Why Australia Needs India - Strategic reasons, Market, Education Sector, Role of Indian diaspora in Australia's growth etc.

§  Why India Needs Australia - Strategic reasons, Energy - Uranium, huge natural resources etc., Technologies - Agriculture-Mining etc., Safety of India's diaspora, Support at international forums - UNSC, G-20, IORA etc.

§  Note: During the June 2020 summit, Australia reiterated it's support for India's permanent membership to UNSC. In recent past Australia has supported India's membership of Australia Group & Wassenaar. It also favors India's membership to NSG.

 

-        Present Drivers of India Australia Cooperation

 

§  After decades of being indifferent to each other, India and Australia have emerged as close strategic partners in the Indo-Pacific. This is evident in the number of high level visits and joint military exercises between the two countries. The joint naval exercise, AUSINDEX, is a manifestation of this synergistic approach to maritime security.

 

§  Key factors that is leading to strategic convergence:

§  China's aggression and assertive foreign policy - and its implications for Indo-Pacific.

§  Bilateral issues of China with both countries 

§  India's border dispute with China and recent infiltration of PLA in Ladakh

§  China's growing interference in Australian domestic politics and its attempt to use trade for geopolitical purposes have raised fundamental questions about its long term reliability for Australia.

·       Further, when Canberra joined some other nations in calling for an independent enquiry into the origins of the novel coronavirus, China threatened boycott of Australian products in response. Later they suspended Australian Beef Import and imposed tariffs on barley imports.

·       Australia has also invoked national security argument to keep Huawei out of Australia's 5G infrastructure, blocked sale/lease of land to Chinese companies and consortium on security ground.

§  Anxieties about USA's strategic commitment to the Indo-Pacific.

§  There are legitimate concerns about US' unpredictability especially under Donald trump. Therefore, major countries in the region, such as India, Australia, Japan etc. need to work together to compensate for American distraction.

 

§  Manifestation of Strategic Convergence

§  Growing number of military exercises in all three services, as well as staff talks and military training initiatives. In 2019, the countries took part in the third edition of AUSINDEX, a large-scale anti-submarine exercise in the Bay of Bengal.

§  The upgradation of bilateral 2+2 dialogue to ministerial level during the June 2020 summit

§  Trilateral dialogues with Japan and Indonesia adds heft to strategic coordination.

§  Quad Security dialogue (India-USA-Japan-Australia) is the biggest manifestation of the increasing strategic convergence between Australia and India.

§  Signing of a Framework for Security Cooperation between India and Australia in 2014 also provides the much needed impetus for greater security engagement between the two countries.

§  Finalization of mutual logistic support Agreement during the June 2020 summit.

§  Agreement on Defence S&T Implementing Arrangement signed during the June 2020 summit.

 

§  Some Concerns in strategic relations

§  Different set of concerns regarding China: Australia's concern is regarding increasing activities of China in the Pacific whereas India is more worried about China's increased penetration in the Indian Ocean.

§  Though New Delhi defines pacific as its secondary area of interest and for Canberra Indian ocean is its second Sea, but military capacity limitations on both sides means that there is a challenge in deploying resources in secondary areas of interest.

§  India has also been uncertain about Australia's reliance since it backed out of Quad in 2007, though, this uncertainty is slowly disappearing.

§  Deficit of Military Capabilities - especially on the Indian side. While we are participating in joint exercises, our ability to come to each other's aid during conflict remains in question.

 

§  Way Forward:

§  Strategic cooperation is only expected to intensify in future as the threat of hegemonic China is not likely to disappear anytime soon in future.

§  Both countries should appreciate the increasing relevance of working together on a number of areas including maritime security, the establishment of blue economy, infrastructure and connectivity initiatives, and strategic industry collaboration.

§  Joint financing of infrastructure by India and Australia in the Indo-Pacific to strengthen the economic order in the region.

 

§  "It is only by building a series of overlapping bilateral and minilateral platforms for regional security cooperation that Delhi and Canberra can limit the dangers of the growing geopolitical imbalance in the Indo-Pacific" C Raja Mohan

 

§  The defence forces of the two countries should develop strategic coordination in the various sub-regions of the Indo-Pacific Littoral.

§  Eastern Indian Ocean connects Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean, and is at the heart of the Indo-Pacific. "Delhi and Canberra should initiate a full range of joint activities, including on maritime domain awareness, development of strategically located islands and marine science research" C Raja Mohan

·       Island of A&N and Cocos Island both in Indian ocean offer a chance to extend patrols and strategic ties.

 

§  The sea lines of communication between Indian and Pacific Ocean run through Indonesian Archipelago. Since there is a shared political commitment to the Indo-Pacific idea between Delhi, Canberra and Jakarta and since they are under growing pressures on them to secure their shared waters, India and Australia must seek trilateral maritime and naval cooperation with Indonesia.

 

§  Japan, Britain and France are other natural partners for India and Australia in Indo Pacific.

§  Trilateral Dialogues between India-Japan and Australia should be expanded from diplomatic level to practical maritime cooperation on the ground.

§  France is also resident power in Indo-Pacific and have shown eagerness to develop trilateral cooperation with India-Australia. India should endorse the initiative.

§  Britain also wants to return to oriental seas. Britain continues to lead the so-called five Power Defence Arrangement set up back in 1971, after Britain pulled back most of its forces from the East of Suez. The FPDA brings together the armed forces of the UK, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand. India should explore possible engagement with FPDA.

 

§  India should also give more thought on involving Australia in the Malabar exercise - it will send a message that India consider Australia as a legitimate security partner.

§  Quad members need to enhance discussion on operational aspects of their cooperation - this would lead to greater synergy between their forces while dealing with common problems.

§  In Addition, developing a common approach to certain ideas and principles like free, open and transparent Indo-Pacific is important.

 

§  Conclusion

§  Strategic partnership between the two countries have seen considerable advancement in the recent decade. But, to achieve the full potential, it will require dedicated attention and political leadership from both the capitals.

 

-        Current Situation

§  In 2018-19, the bilateral trade was more than $20 billion with a deficit of $10 billion for India. this bilateral trade is way below potential especially when we compare China-Australia trade which is worth more than $150 billion.

§  Both countries also have an investment of about $10 billion in each other's country.

§  Recently a report published by Australia - "Indian Economy Strategy to 2035" says that no single market over the next 20 years will offer more growth opportunities for Australia than India.

§  The report highlighted 10 sectors that were Australia's competitive advantages match India's needs, and 10 state in India where we should focus efforts. The sectors include flagship education sector, agribusiness, resources etc.

 

-        Way Forward

§  Both countries should utilize current innovations in digital trade. Global attention towards digital economics, along with technological innovation in both countries, especially blockchain technology, is posed to enhance both maritime connectivity and ease of doing business.

§  The recent decision to reinitiate negotiations on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement should be backed by timeline to finalize it ASAP.

§  India's concerns regarding RCEP should be looked into with priority. RCEP can act as a great opportunity not only to widen the market, but also for MSME's to enter the global value chains.

§  India shouldn’t be overcautious about its trade deficit with Australia - it is more important to address other equally pertinent issues such as nature of commodities being traded and their subsequent effect on the producers, consumers, and governments. As a corollary trade deficit shouldn't dictate the terms of negotiation for a trade deal.

§  "A confident Indo-Pacific strategy cannot be sustained by a policy of economic timidity": Shyam Saran

 

§  Australia is a world leader in sectors like Agricultural, Animal Husbandry innovations, Mining etc.

§  Australia's world class Agricultural sector can support India all the way from better crop and herd productivity to storage and transport, cold chain supply, food-processing and retail.

§  Australia is a mining superpower and India can benefit from the technology, expertise and the capital that will help unlock India's vast mineral resources.

 

§  Australia has started supplying nuclear material to India starting 2017.

 

§  Indian Diaspora - Around 3% of Australia's population (700,000) is of Indian diaspora. They are continuously increasing there presence in business and politics. People to People links and Vibrant Indian origin community plays a crucial role in strengthening India-Australia relations.

§  Educational linkages and collaborations have also increased dramatically in recent years.

§  The changing political landscape in UK and USA and their VISA policies is going to make Australia an even more attractive destination for Indian Students especially since Australia boasts of some of the leading universities in the world.

§  The early control of COVID-19 in Australia also makes it possible that there universities would be open before the colleges in Western countries thus bringing more Indian students to Australia.

§  As more Indian students graduate from Australian Universities, people to people contact and institutional linkages will only become stronger.

§  Tourism (especially from India to Australia) is on the rise. More than 3,00,000 Indian tourists visited Australia in 2017.

§  Sports is emerging as another key binding factor in India-Australia relations. While cricket is the obvious synergy in this regard, there is a growing interest in other sports. India has an Australian Football league club which plays in the Australian Football international Cup, for example.

§  The Indian Film Festival in Melbourne, as well as many other growing collaborations in the arts have been encouraged by Government and also continue to grow organically.

§  A number of Institutes promote the Australia-India bilateral relationship and have played a leading role in bringing the countries closer together. The Australia Indian Institute, the Australia India Youth Dialogue, The Center for India Australia Studies, the Australia India Business Council etc. operate independently of the prospective governments but are important stakeholders in the bilateral relationships.

 

§  In fact the recently released "Indian Economy Strategy - 2035" also calls Australian government to establish different relations with Indian states as India is best seen not as a single economy but as an aggregation of very different state economies, each growing at different rates. 

 

 

 

 

·       KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE JUNE 2020 VIRTUAL SUMMIT between the two Prime Ministers - Narendra Modi and Scott Morrison

§  The summit was first of its kind virtual bilateral summit and indicated that both sides didn't want the present momentum in bilateral relationship to get disrupted. 

§  Joint Declaration of a 'Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific'.

§  "Both India and Australia share a vision of a free, open, inclusive and rules-based Indo-Pacific region to support the freedom of navigation, over-flight and peaceful and cooperative use of the seas by adherence of all nations to international law including the  UNCLOS and peaceful resolution of disputes rather than through unilateral or coercive actions"

§  Elevation of bilateral ties to a "Comprehensive Strategic Partnership"

§  Australia is only the fifth country with which India has signed CSP after UK, Indonesia, Vietnam and UAE.

§  CSP is expected to raise the level of trust required to improve the trade and investment flows.

§  Mutual Logistic Support Agreement (MLSA) was also signed.

§  It will allow both militaries the reciprocal use of bases, humanitarian and disaster relief cooperation, port exercises, and passage exercises. 

§  Australia is only the 4th country after France, Singapore and USA to sign a mutual logistic support agreement with India.

§  Upgradation of 2+2 dialogue to ministerial level (from secretary level) who will meet to discuss strategic issues at least every two years.

§  Framework agreement on Cyber and Cyber enabled Critical Technology domains. 

§  MoU on mining and processing critical and strategic minerals including Australian rare earth metals used for electronics.

§  MoU on governance, vocational training and water management.

§  Decision to recommence talks on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement, suspended since 2015.

§  The two leaders also committed to a new phase of the Australia-India Strategic Research Fund to promote innovative solutions for responding to and treating COVID-19.

 

·       Analysis of summit

§  Welcome progress on security cooperation - CSP, MLSA, Upgradation of 2+2 dialogue, Cyber technology etc.

§  Not substantial progress on trade - a decision to restart the CECA negotiation is the only positive. But Delhi inability to wrap up any new bilateral trade agreement with any of the major countries recently raises a number of concerns.

 

·       Way Forward

§  At Strategic Level

§   Develop strategic coordination in the various sub-regions of the Indo-Pacific Littoral

§  Involve Australia in Malabar

§  Enhance Quad Discussion in operational Aspects

§  At economic level

§  Give up economic timidity and work aggressively towards CECA and RCEP.

§  Enhancing Maritime Connectivity in the Indo-Pacific is of utmost importance in the face of India and Australia's effort to strengthen bilateral ties. The two countries should promote people to people, business to business and people to business interconnectedness in the region. Indo Pacific is not only important for commerce but also for the geo-politics and geo-strategy.

§  Drive for Digital India and Australia's driver for digital innovation to fit into the fourth industrial revolution - are highly complementary in increasing access in the maritime spaces, bringing down costs and augmenting the feasibility of trade opportunities between India and Australia. 

 

·       Conclusion

§  "The current downturn in the global economy certainly limits the immediate possibilities for realizing the full potential of commercial relations between India and Australia. But there are a host of emerging issues - from reforming the WHO to 5G technology and from strengthening ISA to building resilience against Climate Change and disasters - that lend themselves to intensive bilateral political and institutional engagement.

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

08-Jul-2020 02:00:27 AM

VARIOUS THEORIES FOR THE FORMATION OF MOON AND RECENT NASA FINDINGS

-        Why in news?

o   NASA research says that the Moon is more metallic than thought before (July 2020)

-        Example Questions

o   Discuss various theories explaining formation of the Moon. How does recent findings by NASA's  Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) modify our understanding about the formation of the Moon. (15 marks, 250 words)

-        Basics About Moon

o   It is Earth's only natural satellite

o   Size : 1/4th of earth's diameter

o   Distance : 3,84,400 km away from earth

o   Only one side visible

§  The moon moves around the earth in about 27 days. It takes exactly the same time to complete one spin. As a result, only one side of the moon is visible to us on earth.

 

 

-        How moon was formed: Various theories

               i.         In 1838, Sir George Darwin suggested that initially, the earth and the moon formed a single rotating body. The whole mass became a dumb-bell-shaped body and eventually it broke.

              ii.         It was also suggested that material forming moon was separated from what we have at present the depression occupied by the pacific ocean.

            iii.         Present Scientists do not agree with either of the explanations. It is now believed that formation of moon, as a satellite of the earth, is an outcome of 'giant impact' or what is described as 'the big splat". A body of the size of one to three times that of Mars collided into earth sometimes shortly after the earth was formed (around 4.5 billion years ago). It blasted a large part of the earth into space. This portion of the blasted material then continued to orbit the earth and eventually formed into the present moon about 4.4 billion years ago.

§  The hypothesis is also backed by substantial evidence, such as the close resemblance between the Moon's bulk chemical composition with that of Earth.

§  However, it is also known that Earth's crust has lesser amounts of iron oxide than the moon - a finding that scientists are still trying to explain.

 

-        NASA's recent finding about Moon and its implications

·       Finding: NASA has said that its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft had found evidence that the Moon's subsurface might have greater quantities of metals such as iron and titanium than thought before. It was discovered by the Miniature Radio Frequency (Mini-RF) instrument aboard the LRO.

 

-        Technical Details: How Mini-RF instrument discovered this?

o   Mini-RF was measuring the electrical property within lunar soil in crater floors in the Moon's northern hemisphere. The property known as dielectric constant, is the ratio of electric permeability of a material to the electric permeability of a vacuum.

o   The team found that dielectric constant of material increased as larger craters were surveyed and kept rising in crater sizes upto 5 km in diameter. After this the values levelled off.

o   Why?

·       Possibly because the meteors that created them dug up dust containing iron and titanium oxides from beneath the Moon's surface. Dielectric properties are directly linked to the concentration of these metal minerals.

o   Prediction

·       It means that beyond a few meters of the Moon's upper surface - which relatively has lower metal deposits - lie large unknown quantities of iron and titanium oxides.

 

-        Other studies have backed the findings of Mini-RF:

§  The above findings have been backed by metal oxide maps from the LRO Wide-Angle Camera, Japan's Kaguya mission and NASA's Lunar Prospector spacecraft, which showed that larger craters with their increased dielectric materials were also richer in metals.

 

-        Significance

§  The findings can help in drawing a clearer connection between Earth and the Moon. It may indicate that Moon was created from material much deeper beneath Earth's surface than was believed before.

§  Or, the newfound metal presence could be the result of molten lunar surface cooling down gradually.

 

-        Future research?

§  NASA is trying to find whether the same relation between metal deposits and crater size holds true on the southern hemisphere of the Moon.

 

-        Conclusion

The recent findings of higher metal content in Lunar subsurface indicate that there is still a lot that needs to be understood about the relation between Earth and the Moon
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

05-Jul-2020 02:38:27 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice (for next five day)

Dear Students, 

Please find below the questions for daily answer writing practice for next five days: 

1.      [5th July 2020]: Discuss different grounds on which a person can be deprived of Indian Citizenship. [10 marks, 150 words]

 

2.    [6th July 2020]: Who is an Overseas Citizen of India cardholder? What are the benefits enjoyed by OCI cardholders in India when compared to other foreigners. [10 marks, 150 words]

 

3.    [7th July 2020]: "Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019 is a fulfilment of India's moral and constitutional obligations to minorities in its neighborhood" Critically analyze [15 marks, 250 words]

 

4.      [8th July 2020]: "A nationwide NRC will need a lot of homework to achieve any positive outcome for the country". Discuss. [10 marks, 150 words]

 

5. [9th July 2020]: "An exhaustive National Population Register (NPR) is a good idea, but government should bring in more clarity of the purpose and reduce duplications and redundancies" Explain [10 marks, 150 words]    

Source to Study: Polity Booklet 2 (and two videos uploaded on the portal)  

 I will share a model answer for each after 9 pm everyday.
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

27-Jun-2020 00:32:31 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Ques: 10

Friends, 

Please find below the question for today's answer writing practice. 

[Daily Answer Writing Practice: 26th June]: Ques-10: “While One Nation One Ration Card has the potential to improve outcomes particularly for the subaltern groups, like any delivery mechanism, the entire value chain of making the system work needs to be closely monitored and backed by infrastructure" Elaborate [15 marks, 250 words]

Syllabus: GS3:Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revampingIndian

Source to Study: Various news articles on the issues shared in last 1 month or June Booklet -3 (to be discussed on Saturday) 
Comments
Profile

 on 27-Jun-2020 00:33:06 AM
Will share answers of both Question 9 and Question 10 by tomorrow (28th June 2020)

Comment Icon  1

teacher Image

25-Jun-2020 17:03:22 PM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Ques: 9

Friends, 
Please find below the question for today's answer writing practice. 

[Daily Answer Writing Practice: 25th June]: Ques-9: “Deficit monetization could be a risky affair for the economy to handle in current scenario” Critically Analyse [15 marks, 250 words]


Syllabus: GS3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment

Source to Study: Various news articles on the issues shared in last 1 month or June Booklet -3 (will be done in class on 27th June)
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

24-Jun-2020 13:46:17 PM

Newspaper Articles: 24th June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 24th June 2020

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Arbitrary Power and Rights: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/arrest-the-virus-of-arbitrary-power/article31901161.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Education: Transforming Education: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/transforming-education/article31900713.ece
  3. International
    1. India-China:
      1.  https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/army-chief-naravane-to-visit-ladakh-today-to-review-ground-situation/article31895896.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-border-didpute-diplomacy-india-foreign-policy-nalin-surie-6473046/
    2. India-Pakistan: Slashing of mission staff: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/slash-staff-strength-at-high-commission-in-delhi-india-tells-pakistan/article31899688.ece
    3. USA - Curbs of H1B:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/business/h-1b-curbs-misguided-harmful/article31901178.ece.
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/us-h1b-visa-suspension-india-it-companies-6471966/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Economic Growth: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-india-economic-crisis-6472983/
  2. Agriculture
    1. Food security and Farmer Welfare: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/crop-of-ironies/article31900748.ece
  3. S&T: Nano-technology: India's contribution: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633850
  4. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Border Security: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/indian-army-intelligence-forward-posts-border-dispute-china-lac-galwan-valley-6473039/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: Ashadi Bij: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633490
  2. S&T: New Biomolecules to fight drug resistance in Kala Azar: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633851
  3. Operation Samudra Setu: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1633742
Comments
Profile

 on 24-Jun-2020 17:11:04 PM
Thank you so much sir.......you are a blessing in disguise.

Comment Icon  1

teacher Image

24-Jun-2020 02:57:06 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Ques: 8 - Model Answer

    [Daily Answer Writing Practice: 23rd June 2020]: Ques-8: Critically Analyze Vedas as Source of History [15 marks, 250 words ] [GS1]

 

Ans: Vedic literature in the form of Samhitas (Rig, Sam, Yajur and Atharva) and the associated Brahmans, Aranyakas and Upnishads are the earliest literary composition of the Indian subcontinent and are the most important and the only literary source of history for the Vedic Age (1500 BCE – 600 BCE)

 

These literary sources complement the archaeological sources and give historians an insight into various facets of life of Vedic people. They tell us about economy, society, polity and religion which is difficult to know from the archaeological remains of the period.

Economy, according to the Vedic texts see a transition from pastoral-cattle based in early Vedic to Settled Agricultural economy in later Vedic. Society which in the beginning had tribal features of egalitarianism in class and gender matters becomes more hierarchical in later Vedic age as evident from Purusha Shukta of the 10th Book of the Rig Veda. Since, the Vedic texts are religious texts they give a detailed description of the sacrificial religion, various gods and rituals of the period. Atharva Veda is important to understand the folk tradition and Aranyakas & Brahmans are crucial for knowing the philosophical concepts of the time.

 

But at the same time, there are some key challenges in understanding history from Vedas:

1)    Since they are religious text and not history books, so historical rationality and neutrality may be missing.

2)    Vedic texts were not popular texts -> only gives the view of Brahmans who composed them.

3)    They were transmitted orally for centuries -> Changes and modification in content may have happened over the years.

4)    Authentic translations are very few and a lot depends on interpretation of various terms.

5)    They also represent a small geographical region (the northwest and north-India) and can’t tell anything about the rest of the country.

 

Despite these limitations, the importance of Vedic texts as document of history is immense and our understanding of India’s Early historic phase would have been incomplete in the absence of Vedas.
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

23-Jun-2020 15:41:01 PM

Newspaper Articles: 23rd June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 23rd June 2020

 

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. Kamkhya Temple: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/for-first-time-since-1565-ambubachi-sans-fair/article31888105.ece
    2. Persons: Shyama Prasad Mukherjee: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/syama-prasad-mookerjee-death-anniversary-6471420/
    3. Variyamkunnath Kunjahammed Haji: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-variyamkunnath-kunjahammed-haji-the-khilafat-leader-6471224/
  2. Society
    1. Racism:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/in-anti-racism-fight-the-lyndon-b-johnson-option/article31893321.ece

 

 

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Transparency: Significance of RTI during COVID-19 Crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/transparency-during-a-crisis/article31892527.ece
  2. International
    1. India-China Border Issue:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-situation-india-china-corps-commanders-to-hold-talks/article31887020.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-way-out-of-undelineated-borders/article31893324.ece
      3. China-Japan Border dispute: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/after-face-off-with-india-china-embroiled-in-maritime-dispute-with-japan/story-aPSWNmYndKkcpcuf4tYDGL.html
    2. India-China:
      1. India's China Policy: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-lac-border-20-armymen-killed-galwan-valley-6471415/
      2. India-China - The role of Russia: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/india-china-border-dispute-galwan-faceoff-resolution-russia-6471548/

 

GS3

  1. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Terrorism: The Lone Wolf Threat: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/the-lone-wolf-threat-on-isolated-terror-attack-in-london/article31893294.ece
    2. Securing the Sea Lanes: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-border-dispute-galwan-sea-route-6471403/
    3. Border Security: High Altitude Warfare: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/india-china-border-dispute-why-high-altitude-warfare-is-challenging-how-soldiers-are-trained-6471532/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Mt Merapi: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/indonesias-mount-merapi-erupts-twice-6470597/
  2. Economy: LIC IPO: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/lic-ipo-market-disinvestment-6470795/
  3. Employment: Jharkhand's Mukhyamantri Shramik Yojna: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/jharkhand-plans-job-guarantee-scheme-for-urban-poor-6471603/
  4. S&T: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1633378
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

23-Jun-2020 03:29:23 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 8

[Daily Answer Writing Practice: 23rd June]: Ques-8: Critically analyze Vedas as Source of History [15 marks, 250 words ]

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

23-Jun-2020 03:04:46 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 7: Model Answer

[Daily Answer Writing Practice: 18th June] Ques-7: Write a short note on Vedic Literature [12.5 marks 200 words]

 

Vedic literature form the earliest literary composition of the Indian subcontinent. They were composed between 1500 BCE-600 BCE and mark the beginning of historical phase in India.

They consist of the four Samhitas (Rig, Sam, Yajur and Atharva), Brahmans, Aranyakas and Upnishads.

 

The Rig Veda Samhita is a book of hymns which were recited at the time of the performance of the sacrificial rituals. Book 2-7 of the 10 books of Rig Veda were composed during 1500-1000 BCE, the Early Vedic Period, and thus are important source to understand this period.

 

The Sam Veda consists of more than 1800 verses which are mostly borrowed from Rig Veda, but modified to fit the musical notations. The Yajurveda explains how sacrificial rituals should be performed. They also highlight the ancient knowledge of geometry, seasons etc which were required for performing o the rituals. The Atharvaveda is the last of four Samhitas. Other than the Rig Vedic hymns, they also consist of spells and charms which were used by common masses in their day to day lives. It thus represent the folk tradition of the time.

 

Brahmans, Aranyakas & Upnishads are associated with each of the four Samhitas.

 

Brahmans are the prose explanation of the hymns in the Samhita portion and give details and explanation of the sacrificial rituals and their outcome.

 

The Aranyakas (also known as the forest books) consist of the philosophy behind the rituals. Infact sometimes it is difficult to differentiate between Brahmans & Aranyakas and Aranyakas and Upnishads. Their content is overlapping.

 

The Upnishads also contain variety of philosophical ideas about sacrifice, the body, universe etc. They are most closely associated with the concept of Atman and Brahamana.

 

All these taken together make the Vedic literature, the most important and the only literary source to understand the social, economic, political, religious and cultural aspect of the Vedic Period (1500 BCE – 600 BCE). Thus their importance as document of history is immense.

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

22-Jun-2020 16:35:46 PM

Newspaper Articles: 22nd June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 22nd June 2020

 

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. Ahom Kingdom: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/the-legacy-of-sukapha-founder-of-ahom-kingdom-6468320/

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Secrecy of Ballot: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/secrecy-of-ballot-is-the-cornerstone-of-free-and-fair-elections-says-supreme-court/article31883015.ece
    2. Significance of Robust opposition: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/india-china-border-dispute-galwan-narendra-modi-6469975/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Reforming Civil Services:
      1. Civil Services Board: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/mp-questions-punjab-govts-move-on-fixed-term-for-ias-officers/article31884891.ece
    2. Schemes: Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/sagy-model-village-scheme-narendra-modi-ministry-study-funds-6470195/
  3. International
    1. India-China Border LAC:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/armed-forces-told-to-forcefully-deal-with-chinese-aggression-along-lac/article31881949.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/indias-continuing-two-front-conundrum/article31884155.ece
    1. India-Nepal: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/map-row-what-changed-in-india-nepal-ties-6470080/

 

 

GS3

  1. Agriculture
    1. Buffer Stock Measures: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-lockdown-food-stock-food-corporation-of-india-ashok-gulati-6469970/

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: International day of Yoga: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-is-international-yoga-day-observed-on-june-21-6469756/
  2. Geography: North Italy Glaciers: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/giant-sheets-of-tarpaulin-used-to-cover-glacier-in-northern-italy-to-slow-melting-caused-by-global-warming-6469781/
  3. EB&CC: Golden Langur: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/even-golden-langurs-suffer-forced-abortion-infanticide/article31883455.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-Jun-2020 23:51:53 PM

Newspaper Articles: 19th - 21st June

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB from 19th - 21st June 2020

 

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. Megalithic Culture: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/excavation-at-kodumanal-reveals-megalithic-belief-in-afterlife/article31862510.ece
  2. Geography
    1. Earthquakes in Delhi-NCR: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1632520

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Rajya Sabha Elections/ Role of Rajya Sabha
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/rajya-sabha-elections-congress-bjp-politics-election-commission-chakshu-roy-6465586/
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/the-hindu-explains-how-are-elections-to-the-rajya-sabha-held/article31879432.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Rural Employment
      1. Gareeb Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyan: https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1632231
    2. Health:
      1. Yoga and Meditation: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/meditation-has-lasting-benefits/article23631197.ece
      2. Mental Health: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/sushant-singh-rajput-mental-health-depression-vikram-patel-6467051/
      3. Sickle Cell: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/health/world-sickle-cell-day-2020-aims-to-increase-awareness-over-sickle-cell-disorders-71852
  3. International
    1. UNSC: India's win:
      1.  https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-elected-non-permanent-member-of-united-nations-security-council/article31856470.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/at-the-high-table-the-hindu-editorial-on-indias-un-security-council-win/article31863713.ece
    1. FATF: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/fatf-indian-officials-attend-virtual-eag-plenary-meet/article31871464.ece
    2. UNHCR: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/governance/nearly-80-mln-displaced-globally-by-2019-end-half-of-them-children-unhcr-71844
    1. India-China Border Issue:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/galwan-postscript-to-a-tragedy/article31863515.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-stand-off-line-of-actual-control-galwan-valley-sudheendra-kulkarni-6465585/
      3. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/galwan-valley-faceoff-india-china-border-dispute-6467098/
      4. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/the-hindu-explains-who-does-galwan-valley-belong-to/article31879418.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Manufacturing Sector and dependency on China: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/can-india-decouple-itself-from-chinese-manufacturing/article31864821.ece
    2. Why trade ban with China was a bad idea: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/india-china-trade-ban-explained-6465949/

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Annular Eclipse: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/science-technology/india-to-witness-ring-of-fire-eclipse-on-june-21-71873
  2. S&T: SAYABHAMA: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1632668
  3. S&T: Space: Micius: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/science-technology/china-s-quantum-satellite-enables-first-totally-secure-long-range-messages-71831
  4. S&T: I-LAB: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1632393
  5. S&T: Umifenovir: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/umifenovir-to-undergo-clinical-trial/article31863591.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

18-Jun-2020 15:39:09 PM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 7

Daily Answer Writing Practice: [18th June 2020]: Ques-7: Write a short note on Vedic Literature [12.5 marks 200 words]

Comments
Profile

 on 21-Jun-2020 23:52:36 PM
Will send it tomorrow.

Profile

 on 21-Jun-2020 21:22:50 PM
Sir answer.?

Comment Icon  2

teacher Image

18-Jun-2020 15:21:32 PM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 6 - Model Answer

Daily Answer Writing Practice: [16th June 2020]: Ques-6: MGNREGA as A social protection cover can Alleviate distress due to Covid-19 crisis. Discuss [10 marks, 150 words]

 

MGNREGA 2005 as a statutory rural job guarantee scheme has played a crucial role in alleviating rural poverty, increasing rural wages, empowering women, and in developing rural infrastructure to promote a more equitable, environment friendly and sustainable rural development.  

 

It has specially been a handy scheme during distress situation like droughts, floods etc and has come us a succour to poor in difficult times. The COVID-19 crisis also presents a situation where MGNREGA can alleviate the distress by:

-   Providing work to returning migrants thus ensuring a basic income for them

-       Ensuring the flow of money in rural economy which will keep aggregate demands on the higher side and benefit country’s economy.

-  Development of better infrastructure like rural roads, ponds, canals, water harvesting facilities etc for a more sustainable development.

 

But for above goals to be achieved following steps would be required:

-   Higher Financial Allocation – the current allocation of around Rs 1 lakh crore may not be sufficient to take care of the rural job demands which is expected to come.

-      Proactive creation of jobs cards for returning migrants by the authorities.

-  Initiation of MGNREGA work in every village to make more work available

-    Ensuring at least 100 days of work for all the card holders.

-     Steps for safety and Hygiene like soap, gloves, masks etc at every worksite, non-sharing of tools etc.

-     Decentralize decision making to let Gram Panchayat take more decisions and thus fast track the process.

If these steps are taken proactively, the COVID-19 crisis may become a moment for true revival of the MGNREGA initiative and through it of the rural economy.

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

18-Jun-2020 12:14:18 PM

Newspaper Articles: 18th June 2020


GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Vulnerable Section: Maternal health: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/maternal-health-matters/article31854774.ece
  2. International
    1. India-China Border Issues:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-wants-peace-but-capable-of-giving-a-befitting-reply-pm-modi/article31850611.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ladakh-face-off-india-china-agree-to-de-escalate/article31853208.ece
      3. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/history-the-stand-off-and-policy-worth-rereading/article31854822.ece
      4. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ananlysis-with-china-india-will-have-to-be-atmanirbhar/article31850097.ece
      5. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-border-tension-galwan-valley-lac-violence-army-sujan-r-chinoy-6463939/
      6. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/gulwan-faceoff-china-india-border-dispute-explained-6463394/
    1. India Nepal:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-pledges-to-construct-sanitation-facility-at-nepals-iconic-pashupatinath-temple/article31839092.ece
    2. Multilateralism post Covid-19
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/multilateralism-post-covid-19/article31854731.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. EB&CC
    1. Climate Change: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/climate-change/temperatures-in-india-could-rise-by-4-4-c-by-2100-says-govt-report-71797
    2. Environment -> Land use and Zoonoses: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/climate-change/reverse-land-use-change-to-prevent-zoonoses-like-covid-19-unccd-71793
  2. Defence and Internal Security
    1. National Security Strategy: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-lac-dispute-violence-galwan-river-doklam-h-s-panag-6463940/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Social: Education: First Bell: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/first-bell-new-classes-from-tomorrow/article31822826.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

17-Jun-2020 11:09:01 AM

Newspaper Articles: 17th June 2020 (Hindu, IE, PIB)

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 17th June 2020

 

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. MPLADS: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/in-defence-of-mplads/article31845286.ece
  2. International
    1. India-China Border dispute:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indian-army-says-20-soldiers-killed-in-clash-with-chinese-troops-in-the-galwan-area/article31845662.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/chinese-troops-tried-to-change-status-quo-mea/article31848316.ece
    2. India-Nepal: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/nepal-ties-and-the-benaras-to-bengaluru-spectrum/article31845772.ece
    3. ICC: US Sanctions: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-the-us-has-approved-sanctions-against-international-criminal-court-6460199/

 

 

GS3

  1. Science and Technology
    1. S&T: Global Partnership in Artificial Intelligence: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1631676
  2. EB&CC
    1. Urban Jungles: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/with-334-wildlife-species-guwahati-redefines-concept-of-urban-jungle/article31842868.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: Talamamdle: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/amid-pandemic-traditional-art-of-talamaddale-goes-digital/article31836303.ece
  2. Economy: India's first gas exchange: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-the-us-has-approved-sanctions-against-international-criminal-court-6460199/
  3. S&T: Dexamethanose:
    1. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/06/cheap-steroid-first-drug-shown-reduce-death-covid-19-patients
    2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indian-doctors-express-cautious-endorsement-for-dexamathasone-for-covid-19/article31845167.ece
  1. S&T: NASA's Gateway Lunar Orbiting outpost: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-nasas-gateway-lunar-orbiting-outpost-6460219/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

17-Jun-2020 00:45:17 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 5 - Model ANswers

Daily Answer Writing Practice: [15th June 2020]: Ques-5:  "Territorial dispute between India and Nepal is merely a symptom of the structural changes unfolding in the external and internal context of the bilateral relationship" Discuss [15 marks, 250 words]

 

Till recently, both India and Nepal agreed that 98% of our boundary issues have been resolved. Kalapani dispute at the tri-junction of India, Nepal and Tibet and Susta dispute at the tri-junction of the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Nepal were the only two minor issues pending.

But in recent months, the Kalapani dispute has flared up into a major flashpoint between the two countries. Parliament of Nepal has recently passed an amendment to the Constitution of Nepal which modifies the Map of Nepal to include the Limpiyadhura-Lipulekha and Kalapani territory as part of Nepal. India has vehemently criticized this action as not backed by history or facts and unilateral.

 

Various foreign policy experts like Rakesh Sood and C Raja Mohan have opined that the sudden flaring up of the issue by Nepal is a manifestation of structural changes unfolding in the bilateral relations between the two countries:

a.     Political narrative about India has been changing for sometimes in Nepal. Over the years India’s “Special Relationship” through the 1950 friendship treaty, open borders, national treatment of Nepali citizens in India etc. have come to acquire negative connotation of a paternalistic India or even to the extent of India as a bully. India’s alleged support to Madhesi lockdowns, interference in Nepal’s internal matter etc have worsened the situation.

b.     These anti-Indian sentiments have been used up by Nepali politicians to flare up the territorial nationalism and divert attention of people away from the failures of Nepal government

c.     The assertive policy of China has also identified Nepal as an important element in its South Asian footprint. The visit of Xi Jinping to Nepal in 2019, various energy and infra agreements is a manifestation of the same. China has also come to acquire considerable influence over the political parties of Nepal and in its internal affairs.

 

Way forward for India

1.     Handle the border dispute quietly, bilaterally and diplomatically without raking up public controversy. Foreign secretary level process should be restarted quickly

2.     Come to terms with Nepal’s natural politics of balance under which its plays ‘China Card’ while dealing with India and vice-versa.

3.     Bet on the fact that Nepal’s economic geography, its persuit of enlightened self-interest, our people-to-people contact & cultural similarlities and Kathmandu’s natural balancing politics will continue to provide a framework for strong India-Nepal relations

4.     Recognize that our ‘Special Relation’ with Nepal is part of the problem and needs to be discarded for a more durable and interest-based partnership with Nepal. All bilateral issues – the 1950 agreement, national treatment to Nepali citizens in India, open border and visa free movement etc. – should be brought back on table.

 

A normal relationship where India can be generous partner will be a better foundation for a neighbourhood first in 21st century.
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

16-Jun-2020 15:34:31 PM

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

16-Jun-2020 11:07:44 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 6

Daily Answer Writing Practice: [16th June 2020]: Ques-6: MGNREGA as a social protection cover can alleviate distress due to Covid-19 crisis. Discuss [10 marks, 150 words]


Source to study: Daily newspaper Articles of May OR June 2020 Part 2 booklet.
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Jun-2020 15:15:32 PM

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Jun-2020 02:11:52 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 5

Daily Answer Writing Practice: [15th June 2020]: Ques-5:  "Territorial dispute between India and Nepal is merely a symptom of the structural changes unfolding in the external and internal context of the bilateral relationship" Discuss [15 marks, 250 words]

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Jun-2020 01:50:08 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 4 - Model Answers

    [13TH JUNE]: QUES:4 "STRINGENT LABOR LAWS NEED TO BE AMENDED. BUT DURING COVID DISTRESS, REFORM WILL WORK IF LABOUR IS SEEN AS A KEY STAKEHOLDER." DISCUSS IN LIGHT OF THE RECENT ATTEMPT BY SEVERAL STATES TO PROVIDE EXEMPTION TO INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENTS AND BUSINESSES FROM VARIOUS LABOUR LAWS [12.5 MARKS, 200 WORDS]

 

        Labour Laws in India, because of their complexity, rigidity and multiplicity (around 240 labour laws in the country) have for long been known to promote rent seeking, casualization of jobs, capitalization in labour intensive sectors and thus loss of foreign investments to countries with simpler labour laws. All these have impacted ease of doing business and economic growth in the country.

 

COVID-19 crisis have further aggravated the situation. To deal with this several states including Punjab, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh have exempted business establishments from several labour laws including those related to minimum wages, working hours, higher payment for overtime,labour unions etc. This has been done to promote easy of doing business, attract investment and revitalize economic growth.

 

But, the above relaxations are being criticized on several grounds:

1)    Against Constitutional Morality:

a.     Violates fundamental rights of workers under Article 19(1)(c) -> right to form association.

b.    Violates Directive Principle of State Policies mentioned under Article 39(c) – state should prevent concentration of wealth, Article 39(e) – preserving the health and strength of workers and Article 43 – securing living wage, decent standard of life etc.

c.     Misuse of ordinance making power -> to sidestep several provisions of national laws, especially when 4 labour codes are being considered by the Parliament.

d.    Misuse of Concurrent list provisions -> to violate the crucial provisions of national law.

2)    Violates International Conventions such as that of International Labour Organization (ILO)

3)    Violates Supreme Court Verdict in PUDR vs Union of India, 1984 – the judgment equates the work below minimum wage to forced labour

4)    Hampers business environment -> Several ILO reports have said that poor labour laws hamper investment. Further, lack of proper protection for labourers may impact exportability of India’s produce

Thus, relaxation of labour laws is not only a travesty of justice but is also bad economics. It may also keep skilled laborers out of the job market.

Labourers have to be considered as stakeholders in economic growth and their safety, protection and welfare have to be given high priority for sustainable growth. Rather than relaxing implementation of several laws, the focus should be on finalization of four codes which Parliament is already considering. Further there should be steps taken to revive economic growth in the form of stimulus package, easy credit and tax relaxations.

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Jun-2020 01:48:54 AM

Daily Answer Writing Practice: Question 4

[13TH JUNE]: QUES:4 "STRINGENT LABOR LAWS NEED TO BE AMENDED. BUT DURING COVID DISTRESS, REFORM WILL WORK IF LABOUR IS SEEN AS A KEY STAKEHOLDER." DISCUSS IN LIGHT OF THE RECENT ATTEMPT BY SEVERAL STATES TO PROVIDE EXEMPTION TO INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENTS AND BUSINESSES FROM VARIOUS LABOUR LAWS [12.5 MARKS, 200 WORDS] 

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Jun-2020 01:48:14 AM

Newspaper Articles: 13th and 14th June (Hindu, IE and PIB)


GS1

  1. Society
    1. Society: Racism: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/black-lives-and-the-experiment-called-america/article31816273.ece

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Reservation laws in 9th Schedule: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/include-quota-related-laws-in-9th-schedule-to-bar-them-from-judicial-review-paswan-6456215/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health:
      1. Fighting COVID-19: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-covid-19-6456188/
      2. India may have undercounted cases: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/news-analysis-india-may-have-undercounted-cases/article31822079.ece
      3. Developing COVID-19 vaccine: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/coronavirus-can-a-covid-19-vaccine-be-developed-soon/article31822315.ece
      4. Chikungunya: Persistent global transmission of Chikungunya from India: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/persistent-global-transmission-of-chikungunya-from-india/article31821943.ece
    2. Vulnerable Sections: Children: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/agriculture/world-day-against-child-labour-2020-vulnerable-children-worse-off-due-to-covid-19-71719
  3. International
    1. India-Nepal Border: Nepal passes amendment on new Map: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/nepal-parliaments-lower-house-unanimously-passes-bill-to-redraw-political-map/article31821242.ece
    2. India-China Border: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/line-of-actual-control-india-china-the-line-of-actual-contest/article31822311.ece

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Supreme Court on Lockdown wages: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/no-coercive-action-against-pvt-firms-for-non-payment-of-full-wages-during-lockdown-sc/article31811500.ece
    2. Employment
      1. Sahakar Mitra: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1631125

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. World Food Prize 2020: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/soil-scientist-rattan-lal-wins-world-food-prize-2020-6456269/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

12-Jun-2020 16:50:14 PM

Newspaper Articles: 12th June

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 12th June 2020

GS1

  1. Society
    1. Racism:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-gandhis-mandelas-and-kings-of-today/article31806120.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/west-indies-darren-sammy-ipl-racism-kalu-6454588/

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Reservation not a fundamental Right: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/supreme-court-says-quota-not-fundamental-right-rejects-plea-6454699/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health:
      1. ICMR Analysis of COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/union-health-ministry-and-indian-council-medical-research-press-conference-in-new-delhi-on-june-11-2020/article31804894.ece
      2. Why asymptomatic cases matter: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/asymptomatic-cases-covid-19-coronavirus-6454677/
    2. Education: NIRF Ranking: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/iit-madras-retains-top-rank-in-national-institutional-ranking-framework/article31803000.ece
    3. Poverty and Related Issues: Universal Basic Income: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/govt-actively-considering-universal-basic-income-nhrc-tells-un/article31805107.ece
  3. International
    1. India-China and Quite Diplomacy: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-case-for-quiet-diplomacy/article31806194.ece
    2. India-Nepal: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-nepal-new-map-kalapani-6454647/
    3. International Criminal Court: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/donald-trump-targets-icc-with-sanctions-over-afghanistan-war-crimes-case/article31807047.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. EB&CC
    1. EB&CC: Lion Census Method: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/virus-outdated-census-method-mar-gujarats-lion-numbers/article31806558.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Lonar Lake: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/lonar-lake-turning-reddish-buldana-collector-asks-neeri-to-find-out-why-6454650/
  2. EB&CC: Indian Gaurs: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/first-estimation-exercise-of-indian-gaur-in-nilgiris-in-recent-years/article31806928.ece
  3. Disaster: inflows Mumbai: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1630928
  4. rtQPCR: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1630875
Comments
Profile

 on 15-Jun-2020 01:58:51 AM
Sure, will be regular from now onwards. I have also started a daily answer writing initiative on this page. You can also follow it if you find that useful

Profile

 on 14-Jun-2020 17:37:42 PM
Sir they are very usefull please provide regularly.??

Comment Icon  2

teacher Image

11-Jun-2020 11:02:25 AM

Newspaper Articles: 11th June 2020

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Inter-state water dispute: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-to-take-stock-of-krishna-and-godavari-water-utilisation/article31790230.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Vulnerable Section: Migrants: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/look-back-in-relief-the-hindu-editorial-on-the-migrant-labour-crisis/article31798558.ece
    2. Vulnerable Section: Tribals: Education complex: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/odisha-plans-mega-educational-complexes-for-tribal-students/article31774853.ece
    3. Health: Improving Public Health Care: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/needed-a-transfusion-for-public-health-care/article31798593.ece
    4. MGNREGA: Significance and better implementation: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/mgnrega-modi-govt-rural-jobs-coronavirus-derek-obrien-6452993/
  3. International
    1. India-China Border:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-row-china-reaches-accord-with-india/article31797681.ece
    1. G7 and the current world order
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/an-unravelling-of-the-group-of-seven/article31798577.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Development Bank: https://www.thehindu.com/business/development-bank-needed-to-support-low-cost-funding-app/article31798166.ece
  2. Agriculture
    1. Production of Saffron and Heeng in India: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1630406
  3. Science and Technology
    1. Biotechnology: MicroRNA: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/iit-madras-researchers-show-role-of-microrna-in-growth-and-spread-of-tongue-cancer-cells/article31778302.ece
  4. EB&CC
    1. Environment Performance Index: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/wildlife-biodiversity/india-must-redouble-sustainability-efforts-environment-performance-index-71603
    2. Biodiversity: Lions increase in number: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/gujarats-pride-grows-as-it-now-hosts-674-gir-lions/article31799404.ece
  5. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Police Reforms: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/policing-the-police-is-not-enough/article31797746.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/lac-stand-off-india-china-darbuk-shyok-daulat-beg-oldie-dsdbo-road-6452997/
  2. Geography: Rhine River Germany: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/europe-rhine-river-dangerously-low-summer-6448254/
  3. Defence: Airforce: ARPIT: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1630268
  4. Environment: World Ocean Day: https://www.un.org/en/observances/oceans-day
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

10-Jun-2020 17:43:24 PM

Newspaper Articles: 7-10th June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 7 - 10th  June 2020

 

GS1

  1. Geography: Earthquakes in Delhi: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/frequent-earthquakes-in-delhi-rescue-teams-ndrf-6449368/
  2. Urbanization:
    1. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/urban-city-covid-19-pandemic-6447701/
    2. Reforming Urban Governance System: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-cases-urban-areas-villages-india-lockdown-prince-dhawan-6451090/
  3. Social Issues:
    1. Racism: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-anatomy-of-anti-black-racism/article31790395.ece

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health: COVID:
      1. India's COVID cases fifth highest in the world: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-indias-covid-tally-fifth-highest-in-world/article31768840.ece
      2. Recovering from COVID-19 at home: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/coronavirus-recovery-home-quarantine-covid-infection-6451142/
    2. Education
      1. Higher Education Institutes (HEI) Ranking: https://www.thehindu.com/education/colleges/top-iits-and-iisc-slip-in-global-rankings/article31790423.ece
      2. More Autonomy to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs): https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/online-classes-coronavirus-schools-students-teachers-e-learing-meenakshi-gopinath-6451089/
    3. Vulnerable Section: Migrant Workers: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/coronavirus-how-many-migrant-workers-displaced-a-range-of-estimates-6447840/
  2. International
    1. General:
      1. E-Diplomacy in times of COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-e-diplomacy-experiment/article31781585.ece
    2. India-China Border:
      1. Border Meet sets stage for more talks: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-standoff-india-china-border-meeting-sets-stage-for-more-talks/article31769724.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-situation-india-calls-for-early-resolution-says-military-level-talks-were-cordial-positive/article31771091.ece
      3. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/chinas-internal-pressures-are-driving-xi-jinpings-tough-stance-on-border-says-veteran-beijing-watcher-jayadeva-ranade/article31773650.ece
      1. India-China and Regional Powerbalance: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-china-ladakh-lac-border-dispute-c-raja-mohan-6449294/
    1. India-Nepal
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/resume-dialogue-with-nepal-now/article31781370.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/rajnath-singh-nepal-india-relations-road-to-mansarovar-6451070/
         
    2. India-West Asia:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/in-persian-gulf-littoral-cooperative-security-is-key/article31774318.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. GVA Numbers and Economy: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/the-hindu-explains-what-is-gross-value-added-and-how-is-it-relevant-when-growth-is-announced-in-gdp-terms/article31768578.ece
    2. Fiscal Stimulus through monetization of deficits: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/whos-afraid-of-monetisation-of-the-deficit/article31782093.ece
    3. Increasing Forex Reserves:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/business/economy/strong-fpi-inflows-rising-foreign-currency-assets-propel-forex-reserves-to-record-high-6446333/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-india-forex-reserves-covid-19-economic-crisis-6448701/
  2. Agriculture
    1. Subsidy to Cash Transfer: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/farmers-india-agriculture-sector-covid-19-6447692/
    2. PDS: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/nrega-funds-migrant-workers-monsoon-pds-scheme-6449293/
  3. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19:
      1. Detection: CCMB finds cheaper, more effective RT-PCR method to test COVID-19 samples: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/ccmb-finds-cheaper-more-effective-rt-pcr-method-to-test-covid-19-samples/article31768153.ece
    2. Desert Locust: Role of Serotonin: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/serotonin-triggers-desert-locust-swarms/article31768088.ece
  4. EB&CC
    1. Environment Protection: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/addressing-the-elephant-in-the-room/article31773338.ece
    2. Fighting Climate Change: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/flattening-the-climate-curve/article31789777.ece
  5. Disaster Management:
    1. Chemical Disaster:
      1. Assam's Gas Leak: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/assam-gas-leak-why-its-tough-to-plug-and-what-threat-it-poses-to-area-6447810/
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/13-days-after-blowout-oil-india-limited-well-in-assam-catches-fire/article31786950.ece
  6. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Navy and Need of Aircraft Carrier: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/fighting-sea-blindness/article31781576.ece
    2. Cyber Security: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/bemls-internal-data-staff-email-ids-hacked-leaked-on-dark-web/article31790702.ece
       

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Places in news: Gairsain: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/gairsain-declared-summer-capital-of-uttarakhand/article31777398.ece
  2. Aditya: India's Solar Ferry: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/indias-first-solar-ferry-sails-into-global-contest/article31769302.ece
  3. COVID-19 Terminologies: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/the-hindu-explains-what-are-some-of-the-key-terms-being-used-to-describe-the-novel-coronavirus-outbreak/article31768617.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

07-Jun-2020 23:53:22 PM

Newspaper Articles: 7th June 2020 (Hindu and IE)

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health: COVID: India's COVID cases fifth highest in the world: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-indias-covid-tally-fifth-highest-in-world/article31768840.ece
  2. International
    1. India-China Border: Border Meet sets stage for more talks: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-standoff-india-china-border-meeting-sets-stage-for-more-talks/article31769724.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. GVA Numbers and Economy: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/the-hindu-explains-what-is-gross-value-added-and-how-is-it-relevant-when-growth-is-announced-in-gdp-terms/article31768578.ece
    2. Increasing Forex Reserves: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/economy/strong-fpi-inflows-rising-foreign-currency-assets-propel-forex-reserves-to-record-high-6446333/
  2. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19:
      1. Detection: CCMB finds cheaper, more effective RT-PCR method to test COVID-19 samples: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/ccmb-finds-cheaper-more-effective-rt-pcr-method-to-test-covid-19-samples/article31768153.ece
    2. Desert Locust: Role of Serotonin: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/serotonin-triggers-desert-locust-swarms/article31768088.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Aditya: India's Solar Ferry: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/indias-first-solar-ferry-sails-into-global-contest/article31769302.ece
  2. COVID-19 Terminologies: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/the-hindu-explains-what-are-some-of-the-key-terms-being-used-to-describe-the-novel-coronavirus-outbreak/article31768617.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

06-Jun-2020 16:18:23 PM

Newspaper Articles: 6th June 2020 (Hindu, Indian Express and PIB)

 

GS2

  1. International
    1. India-China Border Issues:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-china-hold-diplomatic-talks-amid-border-tensions/article31760125.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/experts-caution-on-outcome-of-lt-gen-level-talks/article31759730.ece
      3. Chinese Provocation and the way forward for India: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/for-a-stable-peace-india-china-border-6444707/
      4. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/six-years-ago-how-a-faceoff-in-ladakh-ended-after-discussion-6444735/
    1. India-Australia: Canberra Connect: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/narendra-modi-scott-morrision-india-australia-e-summit-6444711/
    2. UNSC: Elections for non-permanent seats: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ahead-of-vote-for-unsc-seat-india-launches-campaign-brochure/article31760764.ece

 

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Payment Infrastructure: Payment Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF): https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/rbi-creates-500-cr-fund-to-boost-payment-infrastructure/article31761067.ece
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Unmanned Aricrafts: Unmanned Aircraft System Rules, 2020: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/draft-rules-prohibit-use-of-drones-for-delivery/article31760839.ece
    2. Energy: Energy Efficiency:
      1. Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1629597
      2. Icommit: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1629635
  3. EB&CC
    1. Urban Forest Scheme: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1629563#
  4. Disaster Management
    1. Chemical Disaster: LG Polymers Case: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/visakhapatnam-gas-leak-how-negligence-and-violations-led-to-a-deadly-disaster/article31761949.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. S&T: Space and Astronomy: A near Earth Asteroid: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/nasa-earth-asteroid-6444103/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

05-Jun-2020 13:20:42 PM

Newspaper Articles: 5th June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 5th June 2020

 

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Scheme: Vande Bharat Mission: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/vande-bharat-mission-set-to-break-evacuation-record/article31751772.ece
  2. International
    1. India-China Border:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lac-standoff-india-china-dialogue-to-focus-on-eastern-ladakh/article31751831.ece
    1. US-China and India's strategic and decisional autonomy: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-chill-in-us-china-relations/article31750772.ece
    2. India-Australia Summit: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/glad-to-be-joining-the-first-india-australia-virtual-summit-pm-modi/article31745133.ece
    3. G-7 -> G11/12: An agenda for G12: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/an-agenda-for-a-g-12-donald-trump-china-6443045/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Employment Data: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indias-unemployment-rate-saw-a-small-dip-in-2018-19-says-survey/article31752146.ece
    2. New Internship Scheme: TULIP: The Urban Learning Internship Program: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-launches-scheme-to-provide-internship-to-25000-graduates/article31751169.ece
  2. Disaster Management
    1. Disaster displaced millions in India: CSE Report: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/weather-disasters-caused-50-lakh-internal-displacements-in-2019/article31751230.ece
  3. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Defence Reforms: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/swiss-cheese-and-defence-reforms/article31751073.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. EB&CC: World Environment Day: https://www.un.org/en/observances/environment-day
  2. EB&CC: Air Pollution: #SaalBhar60 https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/campaign-seeks-healthy-air-even-after-lockdown-ends/article31752368.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

05-Jun-2020 13:20:06 PM

Newspaper Articles: 4th June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 4th June 2020

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Inner Line Permit: CAA Context: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/inner-line-permit-what-is-its-caa-context-6441390/
  2. Governance:
    1. Health: Reestablishment of Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1629039
    2. MGNREGA Updates: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1628782
  3. International
    1. India-China Border Issue:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/in-himalayan-staredown-the-dilemmas-for-delhi/article31742528.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/border-tension-more-serious-than-in-the-past-say-former-generals/article31743030.ece
    1. India-Bhutan ink MoU in Border Protection: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cabinet-go-ahead-for-mou-with-bhutan-on-environment-natural-resources/article31740885.ece
    2. India-Australia Summit - 1st Virtual Summit:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-narendra-modi-australia-scott-morrison-virtual-summit-c-raja-mohan-6441370/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-to-discuss-ties-with-australia-in-first-virtual-summit-6441662/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy:
    1. Skill: Swades - Skill mapping exercise for citizens returning from overseas: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1628976
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Energy: Pan India Realtime Market for Electricity: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1628935
  3. Agriculture
    1. Agri Reforms: Discontinuing free electricity to farmers: Time to discontinue free power: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/time-to-discontinue-free-power-for-farmers/article31742808.ece
    2. Agri Market Reforms: Amending Essential Commodities Act: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cabinet-nod-for-amendment-to-essential-commodities-act-two-ordinances-to-promote-barrier-free-trade/article31740277.ece
  4. Science and Technology
    1. Promoting R&D: Making Research AtmaNirbhar: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/covid-19-pandemic-medical-research-icmr-testing-6441368/
  5. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Border Management: Border Area Development Program (BADP): https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-to-boost-infrastructure-in-areas-along-china-border/article31741145.ece
    2. G-7 to G11: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/seven-to-eleven-the-hindu-editorial-on-india-and-g-7/article31742517.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

03-Jun-2020 22:30:30 PM

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

02-Jun-2020 18:47:04 PM

Newspaper Articles: 2nd June 2020

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 2nd June 2020

 

GS1

  1. Geography
    1. Cyclone Nisarga: https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/mumbai-braces-as-cyclone-nisarga-approaches-6438145/

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. J&K: The new domicile rule: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/jammu-the-pawn-on-the-kashmir-chessboard/article31725763.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
  3. International
    1. India-Africa: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/india-china-and-fortifying-the-africa-outreach/article31725783.ece
    2. India-Nepal: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-nepal-border-dispute-kalapani-lipulek-china-c-raja-mohan-6437884/
    3. USA - Racism in America: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/george-flyod-death-us-protests-minneapolis-6437879/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Moody's downgrade of India's rating: Implications: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-moodys-downgraded-india-6437798/
    2. MSMEs, Street Vendors and Farmers: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1628329
    3. Social Stock Exchange: https://www.thehindu.com/business/can-allow-non-profit-organisations-to-list-on-social-stock-exchanges/article31725503.ece
  2. Agriculture
    1. Increasing MSP of Kharif Crops: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/cabinet-approves-msp-for-14-kharif-crops/article31722966.ece
    2. Fertilizer sale signals agri boom: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/fertiliser-sales-may-lockdown-6437802/
  3. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19: HCQ appears to protect health workers: ICMR research: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-hydroxychloroquine-with-ppe-reduces-odds-of-covid-19-in-health-workers-icmr-researchers/article31724680.ece
  4. Disaster Management
    1. Earthquake: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-new-architecture-in-quake-prone-areas/article31724972.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture; SPICMACAY: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1628387
  2. Ultra Swatch: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1628355
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

02-Jun-2020 01:04:43 AM

Newspaper Articles: 1st June 2020 (the Hindu, Indian Express and PIB)

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. World History: Armistice Agreement - North Korea and South Korea: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-un-command-found-north-and-south-korea-in-violation-of-armistice-agreement-at-border-6435634/

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Freedom of Religion: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/uscirf-report-on-religious-freedom-in-india-anti-caa-protests-gujarat-northeast-delhi-riots-6436322/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Poverty: Universal Basic Income: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/its-time-for-a-universal-basic-income-programme-in-india/article31717471.ece
    2. Vulnerable Section: Migrants: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/migrant-labourers-are-the-most-disenfranchised-invisible-citizens/article31717502.ece
  3. International
    1. G-7: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/donald-trump-g7-summit-india-6436594/
    2. India-Nepal Border Dispute: New Map of Nepal - Constitutional Amendment: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/amendment-to-formalise-new-map-tabled-in-nepal-parliament/article31715727.ece
    3. India-Pakistan: Declaration of Persona Non Grata: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pakistan-high-commission-staffers-held-for-spying/article31717532.ece
    4. India-China: Border Issue:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-phantom-called-the-line-of-actual-control/article31717488.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/line-of-actual-control-where-it-is-located-and-where-india-and-china-differ-6436436/

 

 

GS3

  1. Science and Technology
    1. Space:
      1. SPACEX's Crew Dragon:
        1. https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/spacex-crew-dragon-docks-with-international-space-station/article31717211.ece
        2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/spacexs-crew-dragon-nasa-astronauts-international-space-station-6436442/
    1. Computer and IT: Artificial Intelligence: National AI Portal: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1627950
    2. Biotechnology: Biosafety: Department of Biotechnology took several proactive measures to streamline biosafety regulation: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1627870

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. World No Tobacco Day: https://www.who.int/news-room/campaigns/world-no-tobacco-day/world-no-tobacco-day-2020
  2. EB&CC: Rare Scorpion Fish found in Gulf of Mannar: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rare-scorpionfish-found-in-gulf-of-mannar/article31717527.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

02-Jun-2020 01:03:55 AM

Newspaper Articles: 29th, 30th and 31st May

Important Articles from the Hindu, IE and PIB of 29, 30 and 31st May

 

GS1

  1. Geography
    1. Tropical Cyclones: Cyclone Amphan: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/west-bengal-knocked-down-by-the-coronavirus-flattened-by-winds-of-cyclone-amphan/article31705148.ece

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Official Language: Hindi as Official Court Language in Haryana: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/law-making-hindi-official-language-in-haryana-courts-challenged-in-sc/article31693400.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Poverty: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-moment-for-civilisational-introspection/article31705361.ece
    2. Vulnerable Sections: Migrants:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-lockdown-dont-charge-migrant-workers-bus-or-train-fare-says-supreme-court/article31695545.ece
      2. Legilsative Reforms for Migrants: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/migrant-crisis-supreme-court-india-lockdown-coronavirus-6433681/
  3. International
    1. India-Nepal: Important Analysis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/for-a-reset-in-india-nepal-relations/article31697691.ece
    2. India-China Border Issue: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/from-a-stand-off-to-a-stalemate/article31697569.ece
    3. China-Honkong: Controversial Hongkong Law: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-parliament-approves-hong-kong-security-bill-as-tensions-with-us-rise/article31693578.ece
    4. India-Africa: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/africa-day-india-coronavirus-covid-19-6432071/
    5. India-Australia: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/anchoring-ties-with-canberra-the-virtual-way/article31705371.ece
    6. WHO: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/brazil-jumps-to-world-no-2-in-coronavirus-cases-behind-the-us/article31656092.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. GDP growth decline:
      1.  https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/gdp-growth-dips-to-31-in-january-march-42-in-2019-20/article31703885.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/gdp-growth-rate-deceleration-tells-us-about-state-of-the-indian-economy-6433491/
    2. FSDC Meet: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/fm-nirmala-sitharaman-takes-stock-of-economy-in-1st-fsdc-meet-after-covid-outbreak-6432097/
    3. External Sector: FDI: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/total-fdi-jumps-18-to-73-46-billion-in-fy20-6432101/
    4. Labour and Employment: National Career Service Project: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1627652
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Renewable Energy: Solar: One Sun One World One Grid: https://www.livemint.com/industry/energy/india-answer-to-china-belt-and-road-initiative-one-sun-one-world-one-grid-11590634870755.html
  3. Agriculture
    1. Diseases: Banana COVID: https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/now-banana-covid-hits-plantations/story-2ZViGgde0fer1eGi6BnF1N.html
  4. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/can-coronavirus-spread-through-airborne-transmission-of-aerosols/article31711311.ece
    2. COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/monoclonal-antibody-to-block-coronavirus-infection-identified/article31711268.ece
  5. Disaster Management
    1. Locusts:
      1.  https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-how-locusts-came-what-next-6432162/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/locust-swarm-pakistan-india-fight-6432158/
      3. https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/agriculture/the-hindu-explains-why-is-the-locust-surge-posing-a-threat-to-agriculture-in-india/article31712573.ece
      4. https://indianexpress.com/article/india/icar-admits-to-lack-of-recent-research-on-locusts-6435116/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Gurkha Regiment: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/gurkha-regiments-military-bonding-beyond-borders/article31711750.ece
  2. Statutory Bodies: TRAI: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/telecom-regulator-mootsnational-numbering-plan/article31705186.ece
  3. S&T: Assam varsity develops fungal poweder to boost immunity: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/university-in-assam-develops-fungal-shield-against-coronavirus/article31695532.ece
  1. CIPET renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering &Technology: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1627387
  1. Defence:  Missile Park Agneeprashta: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1627645
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

29-May-2020 17:22:54 PM

Target Prelims 2020: Environment Current Affairs

This pdf contains all Current Affair issues related to Solid waste pollution, Plastic Waste Pollution, E-waste Pollution, Biomedical Waste, Construction and Demolition waste, Mining and Quarrying related issues, Noise Pollution, Light Pollution, Environmental Impact Assessment, Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Convention, Environmental Crimes in India, Environmental Impact of COVID-19 and other CA issues


PDF Icon  View

Comments
Profile

 on 04-Jun-2020 19:54:02 PM
problem solved sir , thank you

Profile

 on 03-Jun-2020 22:33:06 PM
I am able to download it. Please try it again.. I will also ask IT team to look into issue if any.

Comment Icon  4

teacher Image

29-May-2020 03:57:22 AM

Newspaper Articles: 25th - 28th May

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. Veer Savarkar: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/vinayak-damodar-savarkar-137th-birth-anniversary-bjp-arjun-ram-meghwal-6430311/
    2. Purandara Das: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/purandara-dasas-birthplace-archaeology-dept-to-start-research-in-village-in-shivamogga-dist/article31673889.ece

 

  1. Geography
    1. South Atlantic Anomaly: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/earths-magnetic-field-is-weakening-which-could-affect-satellites-and-spacecraft-caution-scientists/article31668293.ece
    2. Heat waves:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/heatwave-north-india-summer-temperature-weather-6429318/
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/heatwave-sweeps-north-india/article31674229.ece

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Free Speech and Criminal Defamation: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/batting-for-free-speech-on-filing-of-defamation-cases-against-press/article31674769.ece
    2. J&K Policy -> Implication on rights and security :https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-centres-kashmir-policy-and-a-heavy-price-to-pay/article31674812.ece
    3. Judiciary:
      1. Role of Judiciary in COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/failing-to-perform-as-a-constitutional-court/article31665557.ece
    4. Labour Law Dilution: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ilo-urged-pm-modi-to-send-clear-message-on-changes-in-labour-laws/article31669202.ece

 

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. COVID-19 Impact and Steps:
      1. Need of Expanding MGNREGA:  https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-need-for-a-million-worksites-now/article31665949.ece
      2. Income Support for Farmers: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/hardly-the-1991-moment-for-agriculture/article31665952.ece
      3. Cash Transfer for Farmers: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-coronavirus-lockdown-rural-distress-mgnrega-farm-labours-ashok-gulati-6425546/
    2. COVID -19 Fight:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-india-lockdown-vaccine-tests-migrants-hiv-lessons-for-covid-19-vivek-divan-6428697/
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-echo-of-migrant-footfalls-and-the-silence-on-policy/article31689921.ece
    3. Education: Online vs Offline: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-importance-of-campus-6428694/

 

  1. International
    1. India-China Border: LAC:
      1. https://www.pressreader.com/india/the-hindu/20200525/281964609923251
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-ladakh-warning-india-china-border-dispute-6427131/
      3. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-china-lac-standoff-narendra-modi-reviews-situation-with-nsa-cds-and-3-service-chiefs/article31679907.ece
      4. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/changing-balance-across-lac-trigger-for-stand-off-says-china-expert-taylor-fravel/article31684584.ece
    2. China-USA - New Cold War: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/us-pushing-relations-to-the-brink-of-a-new-cold-war-china/article31665770.ece
    3. Hong-Kong Law: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-warns-us-of-retaliation-if-punished-for-hong-kong-law/article31673999.ece
    4. Taliban Talks and Pashtun Question: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/afghanistan-taliban-ceasefire-peace-talks-ashraf-ghani-donald-trump-india-6427090/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Monetization: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/covid-19-relief-package-india-economy-rbi-fiscal-deficit-nirmala-sitharaman-duvvuri-subbarao-6430542/
    2. Liquidity Push: Negative Implications: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-problem-with-the-liquidity-push/article31674800.ece
    3. Self-Reliant India: How: suggestions: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/how-india-can-become-self-reliant/article31681288.ece
    4. MSME Loans to get risk free tag: https://www.thehindu.com/business/loans-to-msmes-may-get-risk-free-tag/article31689534.ece

 

  1. Infrastructure
    1. NHAI and National Highways: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1627178
  2. Agriculture
    1. Agri-Market Reforms: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/hardly-the-1991-moment-for-agriculture/article31665952.ece
    2. Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojna: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/fisheries-scheme-has-no-relief-component/article31680854.ece
  3. Science and Technology
    1. Chemistry: Styrene: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/vizag-gas-leak-styrene-lg-polymers-visakhapatnam-6427103/
    2. COVID-19: FAITH Trials: https://www.thehindu.com/business/glenmark-to-conduct-faith-trials/article31681079.ece
    3. COVID-19: Solidarity Trial Progress So Far: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/world-health-organization-cornavirus-solidarity-trial-covid-19-vacccine-hcq-6428708/
    4. COVID-19: Why do some COVID-19 patients lose their sense of smell: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-do-some-covid-19-patients-lose-their-sense-of-smell-6430325/
    5. Computer and IT: Open Source: What making Arogya Setu Open Source Means: https://indianexpress.com/article/technology/aarogya-setu-android-open-source-what-does-it-mean-6428458/
    6. UMANG App: IMD web services through UMANG App: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1626146
    7. Nanotechnology: INST scientists find route to fabricate precisely controlled nanostructures of desired geometry & location of 2D material: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1626881

 

  1. Disaster Management
    1. Wildfires: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/dehradun/46-wildfires-recorded-in-state-till-date-51-43-hectare-forest-cover-gutted/articleshow/75925853.cms
    2. Locust:
      1.  https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-locusts-are-being-sighted-in-urban-areas-what-it-can-mean-for-crops-6428703/
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/locust-threat-is-bigger-this-year-warns-lwo/article31689657.ece

 

GS4: Ethics

  1. Societies Moral Compass: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-coronavirus-lockdown-migrants-jobless-covid-19-pandemic-sanjib-baruah-6430302/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Nile River and Water War in Africa: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/how-a-dam-on-river-nile-may-trigger-water-wars-in-east-africa-6424689/
  2. Vulnerable Section: Katkari Tribe: Van Dhan for Jaan and Jahan: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1626550
  3. Economy: Bank Board Bureau: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/banking-and-finance/bbb-selects-sn-rajeswari-as-cmd-of-oriental-insurance-via-video-interview-6428764/
  4. Infrastructure: Chamba Tunnel Under Chardham Project: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1626876
  5. EB&CC: New Fish Species: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/a-silver-fish-from-velankanni/article31671645.ece
  6. EB&CC: Invasive Mussel: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/invasive-mussel-spreads-in-backwaters/article31689771.ece
  7. EB&CC: World Dugong Day: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/wildlife-biodiversity/world-dugong-day-2020-marine-mammal-fighting-for-survival-in-indian-waters-71413
  8. EB&CC: World Turtle Day: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1626462
  9. S&T: Tianwen-1: China's Mars Mission: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-tianwen-1-chinas-mars-mission-6428306/
  10. S&T: Nasa's ANITA: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/science/experiment-in-antarctica-hinting-at-parallel-universe-to-be-taken-with-a-grain-of-salt-experts/article31632078.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

29-May-2020 03:56:09 AM

Target Prelims 2020: Environment Current Affairs: Video 4: Heavy Metal Pollution, Marine Pollution and CRZ

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

25-May-2020 16:29:19 PM

Newspaper Articles: 24th May

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. J&K: Domicile Rule: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/domicile-rules-for-jk/article31660363.ece
  2. International
    1. CHINA: BRI: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-suggests-shift-in-bri-approach-amid-debt-concerns/article31660841.ece
    2. India-China Border:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/india-china-conflict-in-ladakh-the-importance-of-the-pangong-tso-lake-6419377/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/chinese-transgressions-ladakh-line-of-actual-control-6421855/
      3. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/what-explains-the-india-china-border-flare-up/article31660378.ece
    1. India-Nepal Border: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/why-are-india-and-nepal-fighting-over-kalapani/article31660401.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Science and Technology
    1. Covid-19 Vaccine: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/phase-1-trial-adenovirus-covid-19-vaccine-found-safe-induces-immune-responses/article31656177.ece
    2. COVID-19: Faeces samples can harbour infectious Coronavirus: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/faeces-samples-can-harbour-infectious-coronavirus-study-finds/article31659735.ece
    3. COVID-19: Blood clots in lungs may be major cause of COVID-19 deaths; https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/blood-clots-in-the-lung-may-be-a-major-cause-of-covid-19-deaths/article31659757.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. EB&CC: New Plant Species in Western Ghats: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/southern-reaches-of-western-ghats-yield-3-new-plant-species/article31659292.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

23-May-2020 16:17:29 PM

Newspaper Articles: 21, 22 and 23rd May

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Citizenship
      1. OCIs: Visa travel curbs relaxed for limited category of OCIS: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/government-allows-certain-categories-of-oci-cardholders-visit-india/article31649947.ece
    2. Fundamental Rights and misuse of Epidemic disease Act: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/edpidemic-diseases-act-coronavirus-covid-19-india-lockdown-6419880/
    3. Right to Internet: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-violation-of-right-found-but-no-remedy-given/article31643824.ece
    4. Judiciary and migrant welfare: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/migrant-labourers-karnataka-high-court-supreme-lockdown-justice-more-compassionate-6421562/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health: Significance of Public Health: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/how-public-health-boosts-an-economy/article31635362.ece
    2. Health: Illicit Drug supply and COVID 19: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-no-covid-shadow-over-illicit-drug-supply-unodc/article31626250.ece
    3. Health Swatch Bharat: Star rating for garbage free cities: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625076
    4. MGNREGA: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-lockdown-rural-distress-coronavirus-a-moment-to-revive-mgnrega-6421558/
    5. Vulnerable Sections; Elderlies: Extension of Pradha Mantri Vaya Vandana: https://www.livemint.com/money/personal-finance/govt-s-senior-citizen-pension-scheme-extended-but-interest-lowered-10-points-11590038716605.html
  3. International
    1. New World Order:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/china-better-prepared-for-the-post-covid-world/article31635956.ece
    2. India-Nepal Boundary Dispute:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nepals-new-political-map-claims-indias-territories/article31632033.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/lower-the-temperature-defuse-the-issue/article31653570.ece
    3. India - China Boundary Dispute:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tensions-escalate-along-lac-in-sikkim-as-china-accuses-india-of-trespass/article31629997.ece
    4. International Bodies: United Nations Relief and Work Agency: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/un-agency-serving-palestine-refugees-hails-indias-contribution-6417331/

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. MSMEs: Cabinet approves 3 lakh crores of funding for MSMEs: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/cabinet-approves-3-lakh-crore-funding-for-msmes/article31636011.ece
    2. RBI Extends moratorium by 3 months: https://www.thehindu.com/business/rbi-extends-moratorium-by-3-months/article31653463.ece
    3. Calamity Cess on GST Plans: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/calamity-cess-coronavirus-crisis-gst-tax-6423103/
  2. Agriculture
    1. Agri-Reforms: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/apmc-reform-law-nirmala-sitharaman-coronavirus-package-farmers-6421502/
    2. Scheme for famers in Chattisgarh: Rajeev Gandhi Kishan Nyaya Yojna: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/chhattisgarh-to-reward-farmers-through-new-scheme/article31634231.ece
  3. Science and Technology
    1. Disease: Alzheimer's disease: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/iit-guwahati-takes-trojan-horse-route-to-fight-alzheimers-disease/article31634337.ece
    2. Biotechnology: Alternative Dwarfing Genes in Wheat: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625713
    3. Digital Currency Plan of China
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/notes-on-a-digital-currency-plan-made-in-china/article31653605.ece
    1. Quantum Entanglement: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625710
  1. EB&CC:
    1. Ecologically Sensitive Areas in Western Ghats: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1625885
    2. Climate Change: Fall in global Carbon Emissions: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/coronavirus-pandemic-global-carbon-emissions-6418117/
  1. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Defence Production: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/grasping-the-defence-self-reliance-nettle/article31635965.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. EB&CC: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/asian-koel-the-puducherry-bird-is-now-breeding-in-delhi/article31640871.ece
  2. EB&CC: International Day for Biological diversity: https://www.cbd.int/idb/
  3. S&T: Sonic Boom: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-is-the-sonic-boom-that-rattled-bengaluru-6421289/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

22-May-2020 15:59:02 PM

Environment Current Affairs 2

Water Issues: Namami Gange, River Interlinking, Groundwater pollution, Heavy Water Pollution, Marine Pollution etc.


PDF Icon  View

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-May-2020 17:50:00 PM

Environment Current Affairs (Air Pollution)


PDF Icon  View

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

20-May-2020 09:45:39 AM

Newspaper Articles: 19th and 20th May

GS1

  1. Culture:
    1. Urdu and Arabic Calligraphy: https://www.thehindu.com/society/history-and-culture/calligraphers-try-to-rewrite-the-story-of-their-own-survival/article31623800.ece
  2. Geography:
    1. Cyclones and Hotter Ocean: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hotter-oceans-spawn-super-cyclones/article31626124.ece

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Labour Laws: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/migrant-crisis-relaxation-in-labour-laws-india-trade-union-coronavirus-arundhati-katju-6416305/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Vulnerable Section: Tribals: Goal Program: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624021
    2. Vulnerable Section: Migrants: National Migrant Information System: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624540
    3. Health:
      1. Nutrition: Global Nutrition Report and Food System: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/food/re-imagining-food-systems-crucial-for-climate-economic-resilience-nutrition-report-71137
      2. Medical Education Reform: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/we-need-social-physicians/article31625933.ece
    4. Covid-19: New guidelines for workplace: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-health-ministry-issues-new-guidelines-for-workplaces/article31627005.ece
  3. International
    1. USA-China: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/analysis-are-the-us-and-china-entering-a-new-cold-war/article31615458.ece
    2. Changing Nature of Chinese Diplomacy: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-changing-nature-of-chinese-diplomacy/article31626501.ece
    3. WHO and COVID origin investigation: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/world-health-organization-coronavirus-coronavirus-global-death-toll-cases-covid-19-cure-vaccine-c-raja-mohan-6416300/
    4. WHO and USA: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/reform-or-face-permanent-funding-cuts-trump-tells-who/article31623458.ece
    5. India-China Border: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/news-analysis-behind-new-incidents-a-changed-dynamic-along-india-china-border/article31627397.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy:
    1. Changing Definition of MSMEs: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/criteria-for-medium-units-to-be-revised/article31626639.ece
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Energy:
      1. Electricity Bill amendment: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-jolt-to-national-energy-security/article31617586.ece
  3. Agriculture
    1. Agri marketing Reforms: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/farmers-agriculture-apmc-mandi-green-revolution-agrarian-crisis-monopoly-6418046/
  4. Science and Technology
    1. S&T: Silk Fibroin-based hydrogel for Sustained Insulin Delivery: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1624008
    2. S&T: Material Science: Chemistry: Lightweight Carbon Foam: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624009
    3. S&T: COVID-19: C3 Competition: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624710
    4. S&T: COVID-19: Syndemic: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/preparing-for-a-syndemic/article31617304.ece
    5. S&T: COVID-19: Ashwagandha: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/ashwagandha-compound-may-be-effective-anti-covid-drug-study-by-iit-d-japans-aist-6416445/
    6. S&T: COVID-19 Vaccine: Moderna Vaccine Progress: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/covid-19-moderna-coronavirus-vaccines-progress-testing-6418141/
  5. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Procurement: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/83-lca-mk1a-deal-high-priority-iaf-chief/article31617476.ece
    2. Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624118
    3. China: Panchen Lama: https://indianexpress.com/article/world/us-urges-china-to-release-buddhisms-11th-panchen-lama-6411391/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: International Museum Day: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624938
  2. Tribes: Sahariya Tribes: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/covid-19-no-grains-matchmaking-for-saharias-as-lockdown-gnaws-away-at-harvest-season-in-madhya-pradesh/article31605976.ece
  3. EB&CC:Pinanga andamanensis:  https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/rare-palm-from-andamans-gets-second-home/article31618844.ece
  4. Infra: West Bengal Major Irrigation and Flood Management Project: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1624120
  5. Infra: Italin Hydroelectricity Project: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/scrap-disastrous-arunachal-mega-dam-project-say-activists/article31616024.ece
  6. International Day for Families: https://www.un.org/en/observances/international-day-of-families
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

20-May-2020 01:41:16 AM

Newspaper Articles: 16th, 17th and 18th May

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu and Indian Express, 16, 17 ad 18th May 2020.

 

GS1

  1. History and Culture
    1. Modern India: Nehru-Liaqat Pact: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/nehru-liaquat-pact-india-pakistan-khaled-ahmed-6411909/
    2. Culture: the importance of art in the age of COVID-19: https://indianexpress.com/article/express-sunday-eye/the-importance-asi-madhubani-art-in-the-age-of-coronavirus-6412944/
  2. Geography
    1. Tropical Cyclone: Amphan: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/odisha-braces-for-heavy-rain-from-cyclonic-storm-amphan/article31608265.ece

 

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Freedom of Religion: Azan Ban overturned: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/azan-ban-in-three-up-districts-overturned/article31597089.ece
    2. Right to Freedom: The Kashmir Lock down: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/jammu-kashmir-4g-internet-sc-lockdown-pratap-bhanu-mehta-6411879/
    3. Extension of Lockdown: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-lockdown-extended-till-may-31-states-will-take-a-call-on-infection-zones/article31608103.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Education: NEET: Critical Analysis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/neet-is-not-student-friendly-merit-promoting/article31596368.ece
    2. Women: Sexual Harassment: Rape Culture:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/parenting/blog/talking-about-consent-with-young-boys-6412548/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/boislockerroom-rape-culture-patriarchy-stalking-gender-violence-6414743/
  3. International
    1. India's Afghan Policy: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/getting-india-back-to-the-afghan-high-table/article31609810.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. AtmaNirbhar Bharat: Analysis: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/aatmanirbhar-gdp-lockdown-coronavirus-economy-liquidity-migrant-labourers-disparity-narendra-modi-6414740/
    2. Liberalized Remittance Scheme: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/economy/resident-indians-remit-record-18-75-bn-in-fy20-travel-education-lrs-dominate-6411952/
    3. Industry:
      1. Coal, mining reforms: https://www.thehindu.com/business/coal-mineral-reforms-to-help-reduce-imports/article31603414.ece
    4. MSME: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/coronavirus-package-how-will-the-covid-19-relief-for-msmes-help/article31603575.ece
  2. Agriculture
    1. COVID-19: Measures announced for Agriculture: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/coronavirus-package-what-are-the-measures-announced-by-the-government-to-deal-with-the-farm-crisis/article31603557.ece
    2. Agri-Reform under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Stimulus Package: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/atmanirbhar-bharat-abhiyan-coronavirus-package-nirmala-sitharaman-announces-new-law-for-contract-farming-in-third-tranche-of-economic-stimulus-package/article31593785.ece
    3. Farm Infra Bonds to be financed by NABARD: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/fm-sitharaman-announces-rs-1-lakh-crore-fund-for-farm-gate-infrastructure-11589540317327.html
    4. Measures for Agriculture: https://www.thehindu.com/business/agri-business/fm-measures-for-agri-will-open-new-chapter/article31596280.ece
  3. Science and Technology
    1. Traditional Belief and today's science: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/traditional-belief-and-todays-science/article31602050.ece
  4. EB&CC
    1. Environmental Impact of COVID 19:
      1. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/cleaner-china-air-saved-more-lives-than-covid-killed-study-6412048/
  5. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Online Hate: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/online-hate-and-its-offline-costs/article31603139.ece
    2. Defence Production liberalized:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/coronavirus-package-government-throws-open-defence-production-and-mining-sectors/article31604541.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-package-domestic-defence-procurement-gets-separate-budgetary-provision/article31603195.ece

 

GS4:

  1. Behavioural Change: Pandemic and the challenge of Behavioural Change: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-pandemic-and-the-challenge-of-behaviour-change/article31596370.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Places in News: Quinine Nongladew village: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/meghalaya-village-quinine-nongladew-latches-on-to-its-past-in-search-for-covid-19-cure/article31590008.ece
  2. Defence: ICGS Sachet: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coast-guard-patrol-vessel-two-interceptor-boats-commissioned/article31589358.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-May-2020 14:51:17 PM

Newspaper Articles: 15th May

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Labour Laws: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/stop-the-return-to-laissez-faire/article31585646.ece
    2. Labour Laws: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/are-indias-labour-laws-too-restrictive/article31585617.ece
    3. Federal Structure: State cannot be left to the Center's mercy: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/states-cannot-be-left-to-the-centres-mercy/article31585516.ece
    4. Freeing Prisoners during Emergency: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/mumbai-central-jail-maharashtra-releasing-prisoners-coronavirus-6410383/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Migrants:
      1. One Nation One Ration Card: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/one-nation-one-ration-card-system-explained-6410179/
    2. E-Governance: Samarth Scheme: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1623839
  3. International
    1. Asia Pacific and COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/keeping-asia-pacific-afloat/article31585353.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Stimulus: Migrant Workers, small businesses, vendors, farmers:
      1.  https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/second-tranche-of-economic-package-to-benefit-migrant-workers-small-farmers-nirmala-sitharaman/article31583468.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-lockdown-rental-housing-and-support-for-small-businesses-vendors-and-farmers-nirmala-sitharaman/article31585811.ece
    1. MSME: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-credit-lifeline/
    2. Capital Market:
      1. SEBI relaxes minimum public holding norms: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/sebi-relaxes-minimum-public-holding-norms-6410313/
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Energy
      1. Renewable Solar: https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/indias-ultra-mega-solar-parks-a-700-bn-investment-opportunity/75718548
  3. Science and Technology
    1. Covid-19: Virus may never go away warns WHO: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/coronavirus-may-never-go-away-warns-who/article31585862.ece
    2. COVID-19: COBAS 6800 India's first automated COVID 19 testing machine: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1623782
    3. COVID-19: National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER):  https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1623835

GS4

  1. Collective Conscience and death penalty: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/in-most-death-penalty-cases-court-invoked-collective-conscience-of-society-study-6408705/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. S&T: Health: Parkinson's Disease: https://www.eetindia.co.in/a-novel-tool-to-help-gain-deeper-insight-into-parkinsons-disease/
  2. Report: World Economic Situation and Prospect Report: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/un-forecasts-pandemic-to-shrink-world-economy-by-32/article31578440.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

13-May-2020 22:47:36 PM

Newspaper Articles: 12th and 13th May

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu and Indian Express of 12th and 13th May

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Polity: Freedom of Internet:
      1.  https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/jk-internet-restrictions-sc-sets-up-special-panel/article31556484.ece
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/india/jammu-kashmir-security-rights-supreme-court-internet-4g-6405517/
    1. Polity: Arogya Setu and Right to Privacy: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/aarogya-setu-app-supreme-court-coronavirus-covid-6405175/
    1. Restricting Labor laws:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/equal-freedom-and-forced-labour/article31560930.ece
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/legal-but-not-appropriate/article31560223.ece
      3. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/industrial-relations-code-india-labour-law-amendment-pratap-bhanu-mehta-6405265/
    2. Rajya Sabha: The need of a second chamber: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-need-for-a-second-chamber/article31560028.ece

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/comment-do-numbers-matter-in-rajya-sabha/article31569127.ece

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Vulnerable Section: Migrants: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/migrants-movement-injustice-india-lockdown-6405229/
    2. Vulnerable Sections: Women: Crime Against Women: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/bois-locker-room-instagram-chat-case-admin-arrested-delhi-school-boys-6407023/
    3. Making cash transfers more inclusive: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/getting-cash-transfers-out-of-a-jam/article31568674.ece
  2. International
    1. WTO: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/wto-coronavirus-china-us-donald-trump-economic-crisis-6405217/

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Atmanirbhar Bharat: 20 Lakh crore Economic Stimulus Package: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-lockdown-narendra-modi-announces-20-lakh-crore-economic-stimulus-package/article31568822.ece
  2. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19: New reasons why mask help: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/coronavirus-covid-19-masks-useful-6405339/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: Tribals: Vazhachal Tribe: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Kochi/a-sweet-treetop-harvest-for-vazhachal-tribesmen/article31560270.ece
  2. Geography: Pangong Tso: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/chinese-helicopters-spotted-along-sino-india-border-in-eastern-ladakh-sources/article31566354.ece
  3. S&T: IPR: GI Tags: https://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/art/gi-tag-for-jharkhands-sohrai-khovar-painting-telanganas-telia-rumal/article31569123.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

11-May-2020 11:25:05 AM

Newspaper Articles: 11th May 2020

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu and Indian Express 11th May

 

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Democratic Decentralization: How COVID-19 was better fought in Kerala and Karnataka: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/responding-to-covid-19-at-the-grassroots/article31552359.ece
  2. International
    1. Global Order in Post COVID-19 World: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-trends-shaping-the-post-covid-19-world/article31552150.ece
    2. India-Nepal: Row over Kalapani Region: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kalapani-row-nepal-to-deploy-more-forces-on-india-border-says-foreign-minister-gyawali/article31552350.ece
    3. NAM: Non Alignment Movement: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/narendra-modi-video-address-nam-summit-6403546/

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Labour Laws: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-labour-law-changes-mean-coronavirus-6403611/
  2. Agriculture
    1. Reforming Agri-Marketing and PDS System: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-public-distribution-system-scheme-national-food-security-agri-marketing-ashok-gulati-6403569/
  3. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19:
      1. NIV Develop tests to detect anti-bodies: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/coronavirus-indias-national-institute-of-virology-develops-elisa-test-to-detect-antibodies/article31551219.ece
      2. COVID-19 Vitamin D Link: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/covids-vitamin-d-link-what-data-from-20-countries-show-6403603/

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Cultural: Toda Tribe: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/toda-embroidered-masks-help-in-the-fight-against-covid-19/article31549252.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

10-May-2020 12:41:59 PM

Newspaper Articles: 10th May, 2020

GS2

  1. Governance and Social Justice
    1. PMCARES vs PMNRF: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-how-different-is-the-pm-cares-fund-from-the-pms-national-relief-fund/article31546287.ece
    2. Vulnerable Section: Migrant workers: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-lockdown-how-can-inter-state-workers-be-protected/article31546299.ece

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Economy: Rupee Dollar FAO Contract: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/markets/stock-markets/bse-nse-launch-rupee-dollar-fo-contracts-at-gift-city/article31536301.ece
  2. Science and Technology
    1. Health: COVID-19: ICMR to go for Community Transmission Testing in 75 districts: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-icmr-to-test-for-community-transmission-in-75-districts/article31547402.ece
    2. Health: COVID-19: Using NFHS for population surveillance: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/using-nfhs-for-population-surveillance-for-coronavirus/article31544698.ece
  3. EB&CC
    1. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): https://www.pressreader.com/india/the-hindu/20200510/281917365254996
  4. Defence and Internal Security
    1. Fake News: Police get a guide to detect fake news: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-police-get-a-guide-to-detect-fake-news/article31544474.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. EB&CC: Sal Forest Tortoise: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/sal-forest-tortoise-habitat-stretches-over-unprotected-areas/article31544837.ece
  2. Infra: New road to Kailash Mansarovar: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rajnath-singh-inaugurates-new-road-to-kailash-mansarovar/article31533372.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

09-May-2020 10:19:19 AM

Newspaper Articles: 7th, 8th and 9th May

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Elections during Pandemic: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/conducting-elections-during-a-pandemic/article31529091.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Health: Should Healthcare be a fundamental right: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/should-healthcare-be-a-fundamental-right/article31528818.ece
  3. International
    1. Multilateralism and India's Role: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/resuscitating-multilateralism-with-indias-help/article31521059.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Stimulus: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/slower-growth-and-a-tighter-fiscal/article31538125.ece
    2. Stimulus: Mobilizing resources for government during COVID-19 crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-war-like-state-and-a-bond-to-the-rescue/article31521062.ece
    3. Banks: SBI to extend loan moratorium to NBFCs: https://www.bloombergquint.com/business/sbi-agrees-to-extend-moratorium-to-nbfcs
    4. Scope of Rising NPAs: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-economy-npa-covid-19-arvind-subramanian-josh-felman-6400664/
  2. Agriculture
    1. Early Locust: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-locust-agriculture-crops-india-lockdown-6400755/
  3. Science and Technology
    1. S&T: Covid-19 Vaccine: Search Progress: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/covid-vaccine-search-progress-university-of-oxford-6397382/
    2. S&T: Styrene Basic Details: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/vizag-gas-leak-what-styrene-is-for-and-how-it-behaves-6399198/
  4. Disaster Management
    1. Gas Leaks: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/visakhapatnam-chemical-plant-gas-leak-claims-several-lives-scores-hospitalised/article31523456.ece
  5. Defence and Internal Security
    1. COVID constraint on defence expenditure: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/security-defence-military-covid-19-coronavirus-6399068/
    2. Terrorism: Emergence of ISIS in the region: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-it-is-necessary-to-watch-the-emergence-of-isis-in-the-region-6399182/
    3. Making India Safe: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/shaping-indias-response-in-a-global-hinge-moment/article31538135.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. S&T: Space: Luhman16A: https://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/band-like-clouds-seen-over-suns-neighbour/article31529668.ece
  2. EB&CC: Mass nesting of Olive Ridley turtle begin: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/mass-hatching-of-olive-ridley-turtles-begins-at-odishas-rushikulya-rookery/article31538323.ece
Comments
Profile

 on 09-May-2020 12:01:27 PM
thanks

Comment Icon  1

teacher Image

06-May-2020 09:13:48 AM

Newspaper Articles: 5th May and 6th May


GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. RIGHT TO FREEDOM AND MANDATORY AROGYA SETU: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/app-for-one-season-on-centres-directive-to-use-arogya-setu/article31504541.ece
    2. Inter-state- River water dispute: Cauvery Authority: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/off-course-on-cauvery-water-issue/article31504544.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. MPLADS: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/mplads-its-suspension-and-why-it-must-go/article31504548.ece
    2. Health: Tobacco Consumption: New Health Warnings on Tobacco product packs: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/new-specified-health-warnings-on-tobacco-product-packs/article31501154.ece
  3. International
    1. NAM: Virtual Meeting: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/some-countries-are-fomenting-terrorism-in-the-midst-of-the-pandemic-pm-modi-tells-nam/article31505332.ece
    2. Online Diplomacy: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/diplomacy-in-a-virtual-world-c-raja-mohan-6393950/

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Fiscal Conundrum and COVID-19 Crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/covid-19-and-indias-fiscal-conundrum/article31504085.ece
    2. Reforming Economy in post COVID-19 world: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/pathways-to-a-more-resilient-economy/article31512646.ece
    3. COVID-19 and MSME: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/coronavirus-india-lockdown-msme-sector-crisis-government-relief-package-6395731/
    4. Cooperatives and Sarfaesi: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/sarfaesi-act-applicable-to-cooperative-banks-sc-11588685424449.html
  2. Agriculture
    1. FCI Grain stock and food security: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-grain-stockist-with-a-role-still-relevant/article31504557.ece
  3. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19: DRDO's Infection tower: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/drdo-develops-uv-disinfection-tower-for-sanitising-coronavirus-prone-areas/article31503039.ece
    2. COVID-19 and Nicotine: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/does-nicotine-help-fight-covid-19-the-science-behind-a-novel-hypothesis-6394013/
    3. Space: Long March 5B: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/chinas-new-large-rocket-makes-maiden-flight/article31509636.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Pulitzer Prize: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/here-is-the-full-list-of-the-2020-pulitzer-prize-winners/article31507053.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

04-May-2020 09:19:16 AM

Newspaper Articles: 2nd, 3rd and 4th may

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Freedom of Speech, Sedition, UAPA: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/sedition-uapa-muslims-dalits-adivasis-suraj-yengde-6390934/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Dealing with food nutrition and livelihood in Corona Crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/its-about-food-nutrition-and-livelihood-security/article31484674.ece
    2. COVID Crisis: Learnings from Taiwan: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/taiwans-coronavirus-protocol-shows-how-it-is-done/article31484681.ece
  3. International
    1. Global Border: India's role in Post Covid world: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/covid-19-pandemic-unsc-china-coronavirus-global-cases-india-lockdowm-sujan-r-chinoy-6392238/
    2. South Asia: Reshaping the politics: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/pandemics-without-borders-south-asias-evolution/article31495761.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Mutual Funds: Concerns about the industry: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/why-has-the-reserve-bank-of-india-opened-a-liquidity-window-for-mutual-funds/article31490886.ece
  2. Science and Technology
    1. COVID 19: False POSITIVES AND DEAD FRAGMENTS: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/dead-fragments-of-novel-coronavirus-led-to-false-positives-in-recovered-patients/article31489407.ece
    2. COVID 19: Broad spectrum anti-viral: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/broad-spectrum-antiviral-inhibits-novel-coronavirus/article31489418.ece
    3. COVID-19: Vaccination: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/coronavirus-when-will-a-covid-19-vaccine-be-ready/article31490925.ece
    4. COVID-19: Remdesivir: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/remdesivir-drug-coronavirus-covid-19-india-cases-death-toll-6370010/

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Culture: Buddhist Sherdukpen Community: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/documenting-the-last-honey-hunting-group-of-arunachal-pradesh/article31491555.ece
  2. Culture: Thrissur Pooram Festival: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/shorn-of-colours-thrissur-pooram-ends-in-deafening-silence/article31491174.ece
  3. EB&CC: Bannerghat Biological Park: https://www.businessinsider.in/india/news/lockdown-offer-adopt-cobra-rs-2k/per-annum-elephant-rs-1-75-lakh-at-bengaluru-zoo/articleshow/75490944.cms
  4. EB&CC: Environemntal nod for new parliament Building: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/green-nod-for-new-parliament-project/article31483384.ece
  5. S&T: GI Tag: Kashmir Saffron: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/kashmir-saffron-gets-gi-tag/article31484569.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

01-May-2020 11:37:24 AM

Newspaper Articles: 27th April - 1st May 2020

GS1

  1. Society
    1. Communalism: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/rollback-the-distrust-remember-the-core-values/article31439696.ece

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Right to Privacy and Technology during COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/privacy-concerns-during-a-pandemic/article31456602.ece
    2. Minority Colleges: NEET applies to Minority Colleges: SC: https://www.thehindu.com/education/neet-applies-to-minority-run-medical-colleges-supreme-court/article31465082.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Schemes: MPLAD and its suspension: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/how-mplad-scheme-works-and-how-far-its-suspension-will-help-covid-19-fight-6380556/
    2. Poverty and Universal Benefits: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-india-lockdown-food-relief-for-poor-mass-exodus-essential-commodities-supply-6380515/
    3. Fighting Poverty in post Corona situation: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-coronavirus-lockdown-economy-6387826/
  3. International
    1. IR: Rebeginning of Nuclear Arms Race: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/at-the-edge-of-a-new-nuclear-arms-race/article31439692.ece
    2. Geopolitical and Geo-economic fall out of COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-script-of-disruption-and-a-new-order/article31448617.ece
    3. Post COVID-19 world order: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/india-in-the-post-pandemic-world/article31448624.ece
    4. SIPRI Report: India among top 3 military spender: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-china-among-top-three-military-spenders-in-2019-sipri-report/article31445560.ece
    5. Human Rights at the time of COVID-19: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/coronavirus-un-warns-of-a-human-rights-disaster/article31448119.ece
    6. Pakistan: Impact of Corona on Pak Politics: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/pakistan-government-imran-khan-coronavirus-c-raja-mohan-6382005/
    7. South Asia: Need to work together on health security: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-task-for-south-asia/article31457045.ece
    8. USCIRF downgrades India in 2020 List: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/uscirf-downgrades-india-in-2020-list/article31457624.ece
    9. Afghan Peace and India's Elbow room: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/afghan-peace-and-indias-elbow-room/article31466678.ece
    10. India's claim for permanent seat at UNSC: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/interview/by-any-calculus-india-qualifies-for-unsc-permanent-seat-syed-akbaruddin/article31465932.ece
    11. River Dispute between India and China: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/study-on-china-dams-brings-the-brahmaputra-into-focus/article31466673.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. RBI's MPC Framework: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/india-coronavirus-covid-19-lockdown-economy-urjit-patel-6381996/
    2. Mutual Funds: RBI Opens Rs 50,000 liquidity tap for mutual funds: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/money-and-banking/franklin-templeton-effect-rbi-opens-special-liquidity-facility-for-mfs/article31441960.ece
  2. Science and Technology
    1. COVID-19: Why rapid tests are off again:https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/in-depth/explained-why-rapid-tests-are-off-again/ar-BB13hwKr?li=AAggbRN
    2. COVID-19: Where does the infection start: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/where-does-covid-19-virus-first-strike-study-pinpoints-two-cell-types-in-nose-6380544/
    3. Vitamin C and its uses: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/will-vitamin-c-be-of-any-help/article31440044.ece
    4. Geographical Indication Tag: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/gi-tag-to-manipur-black-rice-gorakhpur-terracotta/article31475958.ece

 

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. EB&CC: Therthangal Sanctuary: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/pandemic-induced-lockdown-gives-migratory-birds-and-animals-a-reason-to-cheer/article31458071.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

27-Apr-2020 10:46:10 AM

CORONA Updates (Part 2)

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

27-Apr-2020 04:36:32 AM

Newspaper Articles: 24, 25 and 26th April

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu and Indian Express 24th, 25th and 26th April

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Legislative Concil: Uddhav's Nomination: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/uddhav-thackery-nomination-maharashtra-governor-bhagat-koshyari-6377987/
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. Vulnerable Section: SC/ST - No 100% Reservation: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/no-100-quota-the-hindu-editorial-on-overzealous-reservation/article31427747.ece
    2. Health: Epidemic Diseases Act Amendment: Protection for Protectors: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/protection-for-protectors-the-hindu-editorial-on-safety-of-healthcare-workers/article31417865.ece
    3. Health: Asymptomatic Spread: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/how-far-can-someone-without-symptoms-spread-the-covid-19-infection-6376380/
    4. Health: Why are epidemic disease on rise: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/coronavirus-why-pathogens-travel-in-search-of-a-host/article31434762.ece
    5. Health: Arogya Setu App: Key Concerns: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/coronavirus-what-are-the-concerns-around-the-aarogyasetu-app/article31434768.ece
  3. International
    1. USA: Immigration Ban and its impact:
      1. https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/what-is-the-impact-of-donald-trumps-immigration-ban-on-skilled-workers-from-india/article31434757.ece
    2. Credibility Crisis in US and China: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/us-china-coronavirus-donald-trump-pratap-bhanu-mehta-action-6377928/
    3. South China Sea: China's Military Move in South China Sea: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/fishing-in-troubled-waters-during-a-pandemic/article31417974.ece
    4. BRICS: Can it fill the void in global governance: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/for-brics-challenges-and-opportunities/article31433942.ece

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. RBI: Targeted Long Term Repo Operations: https://www.thehindu.com/business/repo-auction-gets-poor-response/article31418139.ece
    2. RBI: Printing More Money to deal with COVID Crisis: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-rbi-print-rupee-india-economy-coronavirus-6377979/
    3. Capital Market: SEBI easing fund raising by companies amid volatility due to COVID-19 crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/business/listed-firms-can-raise-funds-6-months-post-buyback-offer/article31418160.ece
    4. Capital Market: Mutual Funds:
      1. Franklin Templeton Crisis: https://indianexpress.com/article/business/economy/mutual-funds-investors-panic-sell-amid-franklin-templeton-crisis-6378043/
      2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-franklin-templeton-winding-up-credit-funds-means-6377113/
  2. Infrastructure
    1. Energy: Don’t waste the oil crisis: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/us-crude-oil-price-coronavirus-impact-india-vikram-s-mehta-6376371/
  3. Agriculture
    1. Agro based industries: How oil prices crash impact sugar: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/how-oil-price-crash-impacts-sugar-what-it-means-for-india-6376389/
  4. Science and Technology
    1. Space: Human Space Flight Mission: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/isro-invites-technology-proposals-for-human-space-flight-missions/article31419174.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Devanhalli Chakota: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/bengaluru-airport-plans-to-revive-devanahalli-chakota/article31417225.ece
  2. EB&CC: Dehing Patkei Elephant Reserves: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/nbwl-nod-for-coal-mining-in-assam-elephant-reserve/article31427115.ece
  3. S&T: Space: First Merger of two blackholes with unequal masses detected: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/first-merger-of-two-black-holes-with-unequal-masses-detected/article31432887.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

26-Apr-2020 13:17:49 PM

Pdf file - CORONA Updates


PDF Icon  View

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

26-Apr-2020 13:16:04 PM

CORONA Updates (Part 1)

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

24-Apr-2020 03:45:12 AM

Newspaper Articles: 23rd April

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu and Indian Express of 23rd April

 

GS1

  1. Society
    1. COVID and increasing social prejudice: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/script-of-unity-the-hindu-editorial-on-coronavirus-and-social-prejudices/article31409743.ece

GS2

  1. Indian Polity and Constitution
    1. Judiciary: Independence: Post retirement jobs for judges: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/pre-retirement-judgments-and-post-retirement-jobs/article31408953.ece
  2. Governance and Social Justice
    1. No 100% Quota for tribal teachers: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/no-100-quota-for-tribal-teachers-supreme-court/article31409071.ece
    2. Ordinance to amend the Epidemic Disease Act, 1897:
      1. https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=202493
      2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-attacks-on-health-workers-to-attract-up-to-7-years-in-prison/article31404910.ece
    3. Health: Stress and Anxiety in COVID Situation: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/stress-and-anxiety-rise-amid-coronavirus-pandemic/article31409223.ece
    4. Health: COVID-19: Containment strategy by Kerala: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/behind-containment-in-kerala-robust-healthcare-system-effective-strategies-6374703/
    5. Significance of rural areas: COVID Crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-village-is-still-relevant/article31409772.ece
  3. International
    1. International Cooperation at the time of COVID Crisis: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/a-time-for-planetary-solidarity/article31409776.ece
    2. USA: Trump's Immigration order: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/trump-set-to-sign-immigration-order/article31409774.ece

 

 

GS3

  1. Economy
    1. Jio Deal between Reliance and Facebook: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-the-jio-deal-means-for-reliance-facebook-6374686/
    2. FDI Rule Tightening: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-india-tightened-fdi-rules-and-why-its-china-thats-upset-6374693/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

22-Apr-2020 22:56:17 PM

Newspaper Articles: 22nd April

GS2

Indian Polity and Constitution


Freedom of Press: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/unfreedom-of-press-6373053/


Federal Structure: Fiscal empowerment of states to fight COVID: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-key-strategy-is-fiscal-empowerment-of-states/article31399930.ece


Governance and Social Justice

Vulnerable Section: Migrants: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-change-in-migrant-policy/article31399502.ece


International

West Asia: The Fragile Ceasefire in Syria's Idlib War: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/the-fragile-ceasefire-in-syrias-idlib-war/article31399968.ece

India and Sagar Vision: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/putting-the-sagar-vision-to-the-test/article31399219.ece

Suspension of Immigration in USA: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/trump-to-sign-order-to-suspend-immigration-into-us/article31393350.ece

COVID - Geopolitics and India: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/coronavirus-india-imf-gdp-rate-crude-oil-price-global-financial-crisis-janmejaya-sinha-6373066/

 

 

GS3

Economy


Targeted Long term repo operations: https://www.thehindu.com/business/regulator-sweetens-tltro-deal-for-banks-lending-to-nbfcs/article31399658.ece


Oil Price fall:

  1. Why:
    1. https://www.thehindu.com/business/explained-why-are-oil-prices-in-negative-terrain/article31394425.ece
    2. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-crude-oil-prices-fell-below-zero-6373139/
  2. Impact on India:  https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/futures-shock-the-hindu-editorial-on-oil-price-fall-below-0/article31399907.ece
  3. https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/crude-oil-prices-fall-coronavirus-shock-6373046/
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-Apr-2020 20:58:50 PM

Newspaper Articles: 21st April

GS2:

Sovereignty: The occasion to revisit the sovereign’s role (PSIR): https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/the-occasion-to-revisit-the-sovereigns-role/article31391665.ece 

 

IR: New Cold War at doorstep? (Putting world together again: A cold war of sorts could be on the cards for some time by Syed Ata Hasnain)

https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/fight-against-covid-19-pandemic-coronavirus-vaccine-cases-deaths-syed-ata-hasnain-6371460/

 

GS3

Economy

  1. FDI control:  ban foreign direct investments (FDI) through the automatic route from neighbouring countries (Economy, financial Security, internal security)

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/takeover-fears-nuanced-approach-on-chinese-investments/article31391633.ece

  1. Falling Crude Prices: What explains crude oil prices falling below the $0 mark

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/negative-crude-oil-prices-explained-6371848/

 

 

Pre- only facts:

  1. Places in New: Locate on map: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-52346447
  2. biochemical oxygen demand (BOD); A National Green Tribunal (NGT); Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB): https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/yamuna-water-quality-improves-during-lockdown-govt-report/article31392030.ece  
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-Apr-2020 20:53:09 PM

Newspaper Articles: 20th April

Nothing Relevant 

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-Apr-2020 20:31:58 PM

Newspaper Articles: 19th April 2020

Important Newspaper Articles from the Hindu of 19th April

 

GS2

International Relations

  1. WHO: USA Ceases Funding-Impact: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/coronavirus-will-the-us-freeze-on-funding-affect-whos-functioning/article31378054.ece

 

 

GS3

Economy

  1. External Sector: FDI: Government Nod Mandatory for FDI from neighbouring countries:
    1. https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/government-nod-mandatory-for-fdi-from-neighbouring-countries/article31379229.ece
    2. https://www.thehindu.com/business/new-fdi-rules-may-have-unintended-effects/article31377764.ece

 

Science and Technology:

  1. Science and Technology:
    1. COVID-19 Virus: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/the-covid-19-virus-and-its-polyproteins/article31375823.ece
    2. Convalescent Plasma and COVID: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/coronavirus-will-convalescent-plasma-help-covid-19-patients/article31378082.ece
    3. Hydroxychloroquine: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/hydroxychloroquine-does-not-reduce-viral-load-randomised-trial-shows/article31375420.ece

 

Pre Only Facts

  1. Geography: Ambukuthi Hills: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/huge-crack-develops-on-ambukuthi-hills-in-kerala/article31378360.ece
  2. Strategic Petroleum Reserves: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/isprl-to-top-up-its-caverns-with-cheap-crude/article31377436.ece
  3. Defence: INS Angre: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-21-navy-sailors-in-mumbai-test-positive/article31372533.ece
Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

21-Apr-2020 19:37:28 PM

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

18-Apr-2020 03:58:00 AM

Newspaper Articles: 17th April 2020

GS-2

Polity

1)        Attorney General

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/optimism-was-a-duty-for-him/article31359773.ece

 

IR

1)        India and Gulf; Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/across-the-gulf-the-hindu-editorial-on-stranded-indian-workers/article31359247.ece

 

2)        Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-may-have-conducted-n-test-us/article31359921.ece

 

 

GS-3

 

Economy

 

1)        Employment and unemployment - Unorganized labour

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-unorganised-labourers-need-two-kinds-of-cover-union-organisation-and-legal-says-labour-expert/article31347667.ece

 

Infrastructure

1)        Aviation sectorà Will the aviation industry recover from the pandemic?

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/will-the-aviation-industry-recover-from-the-pandemic/article31359708.ece

 

Agriculture

1)        India eyes record food production

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/record-foodgrain-target-of-2983-million-tonnes-set/article31354255.ece

 

Science and Technology

1)        Telemedicine

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/virtual-reality-the-hindu-editorial-on-telemedicine/article31359228.ece

 

2)        This Earth-size exoplanet exists in habitable zone, was hidden in NASA’s early Kepler data

https://indianexpress.com/article/technology/science/kepler-1649c-exoplanet-nasa-earth-size-habitable-zone-6365305/

 

 

 

Pre only facts:

1) All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE): https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-students-need-not-pay-college-fees-till-lockdown-is-lifted-says-aicte/article31350558.ece

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_India_Council_for_Technical_Education

2) EB&CC: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/new-pit-viper-in-arunachal-pradesh-named-after-harry-potter-character/article31356892.ece

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

16-Apr-2020 11:41:58 AM

Comments
Comment Icon  0

teacher Image

15-Apr-2020 21:44:24 PM

Rumour Mongering During Corona Crisis

Background: Rumour Mongering is not new during crisis

  • 1984 Pogrom - Against Sikhs
  • For Centuries -> Against Jews (who were falsely accused of poisoning wells during wars, epidemics or civil unrest)
  • In late 18th century Paris was replete with the rumour that the rich had distributed lethal, contaminated flour to the poor.
  • It is no surprise then that during the current COVID-19 pandemic, the rumour mill has Muslims deliberately throwing infected ?2,000 notes on the road or Muslim street vendors spitting on vegetables and fruits.

 

Periods of social stress or natural disasters are fertile ground for rumours, which not only spread like wild fire but have grave consequences — scapegoating, social boycott, violence and arson, even lynching and murder.

 

Understanding Rumour's anatomy

  • Rumours are untested piece of information, opinion, report or story. Therefore its veracity is doubtful. This unverified, ambiguous status is at the heart of the rumour, making it largely what it is.
  • Every unconfirmed account is not a rumour. To become one, it must have following features.
    • First, it must have a ring of truth. Something in it must make it contextually plausible for the listener or the reader. If an account is obviously bizarre — the sun will freeze overnight — or instantly falsifiable — Sachin scored a thousand runs in an ODI — it cannot become a rumour.
    • Second, it short-circuits reason. Laced with passion, it works by seizing the collective psyche of victims. Suddenly, many start to believe it.
    • Third, it circulates rapidly.
    • Fourth, it manifests itself through an event. It is a passing gust, sometimes a tornado that leaves devastation in its wake but is ephemeral.
    • Fifth, even when deliberately planted by only a few, it derives authority largely from the mob. Indeed, expert-authority is helpless against its seductive power.
  • So, a rumour is a useful half-truth with strong emotional overtones that spreads fast, gripping individual minds to create a common consciousness and agency, often with grave social consequences.

 

Situations where Rumours Spread Easily 

  • In situations where there is information void or information overload.
    • Unable to satisfactorily make sense of their world in these uncertain contexts, humans become cognitively unstable and anxious. To meet their cognitive needs, they are forced to rely on bits and pieces of available knowledge, on a patchwork of half-truths, a rag bag of allusions that together provide a fragile, uncorroborated framework for interpreting events.
  • Add emotional anxiety to this cognitive framework, and one has a ready-made arena for rumours to flourish. An overheated mind burns all evidence that comes its way and surrenders to rumours, often in the service of emotional needs. Recall how, during demonetisation, amidst despair and anxiety at losing their own money, the poor still found emotional satisfaction in the rumour that crores of rupees secretly stored in cash by the rich were rendered worthless.
  • Acute Crisis Situation: In times of acute crisis, people lean on knee jerk speculation and prejudice. A group consisting of ‘outsiders’, already distrusted and disliked, becomes an easy target, ready to be blamed for the current mess
  • Polarized Societies: In polarized societies, fear and vulnerability make rumour mongering easy.
    • For instance, during the 1984 carnage, when Sikhs took refuge in gurudwaras in large numbers, a baseless rumour surfaced that they were stockpiling arms, planning to attack and plunder posh colonies.
      • The truth, altogether different, is that they went there seeking refuge. So, in the entire narrative, one detail was factually correct — and this little truth alone made a giant lie plausible
    • Likewise, it is a fact that many Muslims have experienced arbitrary violence, stigma and ostracization in contemporary India.
      • Given this threat, panic-stricken Muslims in Indore unjustifiably beat up a team of doctors who had come to test them for COVID-19. They easily succumbed to the rumour that it was not medical quarantine but needless, malicious separation from their families that motivated the visit
  • Other factors which allow easy spread of rumours in Polarized Societies
    • First, the desire to conform gets the better of a questioning mind. Rather than face sanction and ostracization for sticking out, people find it safer to emulate members of their group.
    • Second, ironically, a belief gets entrenched after like-minded people discuss it among themselves. Discussion has a cascading effect; the more one talks about it, the more the biased rumour grows.
    • Third, a denial by a mistrusted outsider, no matter how great her expertise, only ends up solidifying rumours. Group dynamics in polarised societies works with a logic all of its own; every person is necessarily partisan. A neutral ground for impartial voices is simply unimaginable

Way Forward

  • Transform conditions conducive to rumours can reduce their efficacy
  • Depolarizing society, loosening the grip of prejudice and calmly addressing the collective anxieties and obsessions of a group are deterrents, but, alas, only in the long run.
  • In short run, regulatory laws to check rumours are imperative