World Health Organisation and USA's Exit
This is the time when WHO is needed the most. The world should come together to complement its efforts rather than stigmatising it . Its better to reform WHO than to leave it altogether.
Polity & International Relations
10-Jul-2020 19:00:27 PM
This is the time when WHO is needed the most. The world should come together to complement its efforts rather than stigmatising it . Its better to reform WHO than to leave it altogether.
06-Jul-2020 16:24:17 PM
Custodial torture is a regressive element in Indian criminal justice system
When it comes to custodial torture, India (like most other countries ) suffers with the Roman dilemma: "Who will guard the guardians".
Why in news?
1) This debate has been reignited in the backdrop of custodial death of Jayaraj and Bennix arrested, allegedly for keeping their mobile phone shop open longer than allowed under Covid-19 lockdown rules. In 2003 , custodial death of Khwaja Yunus raised the same questions on police.
2) In India, the structures that enable police brutality date back to the British Raj, when the colonial government used bullets, torture and branding as criminals to discipline the lowest strata of Indians, including tribals, Dalits and Muslims.
3) After Independence, the police departments continued to be brutal, prejudiced and bereft of scientific policing techniques. The law mandates that people should only be detained for offenses punishable by up to seven years in prison when it is necessary.
4) In the last three years, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), India has received nearly 5,300 complaints of custodial deaths (police and prison).While government data recorded 1,727 deaths in police custody between 2000 and 2018, only 26 police officials were convicted.
Why such incidents continue to happen?
21-Jun-2020 11:59:04 AM
The Rajya Sabha polls have a system of open ballot, but it is a limited form of openness. As a measure to check rampant cross-voting, which was taken to mean that the vote had been purchased by corrupt means, the system of each party MLA showing his or her marked ballots to the party’s authorised agent, before they are put into the ballot box, has been introduced. Source : The Hindu
21-Jun-2020 11:57:05 AM
According to the 1993 Border Peace and Tranquility Agreement (BPTA), India and China agreed to “strictly respect and observe the LAC between the two sides”. This referred to the LAC at the time, rendering irrelevant the line of actual control in 1959 or 1962. Source: The Hindu
17-Jun-2020 18:21:43 PM
India for its part should also focus on developing its border areas with Nepal, with better roads and amenities of interest to the burgeoning Nepali middle class.Update the prism through which we view our relationship with our Himalayan neighbour. Be mindful of the realities of a changing India and a changing Nepal. Source: The Hindu
15-Jun-2020 20:29:15 PM
Trump administration, which has long considered the international law forum a threat to US sovereignty, announced the strict punitive measures that Washington generally reserves for use against terror groups and those accused of abusing human rights.Source: Indian Express
14-Jun-2020 08:53:15 AM
Till now ,Soft power rather than hard economics has been the driving force behind India-Australia relations. However under current government , India wants to build upon our shared values, shared interests, shared geography and shared objectives.
11-Jun-2020 12:47:57 PM
Thucydides: “The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” China's territorial aggression is the result of its military and economic strength. Source - Indian Express
08-Jun-2020 16:34:40 PM
‘Gulf regional security was an external issue long before it was an issue among the Gulf States themselves.’ William Fulbright’s observation that statesmen often confuse great power with total power and great responsibility with total responsibility. The war in Iraq testify to it. Source: The Hindu
07-Jun-2020 10:18:23 AM
This aggressive behaviour is part of a pattern which we are witnessing in the Taiwan Straits and the South China Sea, where similar incidents have been taking place. This is accompanied by what has come to be known as ‘Wolf Warrior diplomacy’. Source: The Print
03-Jun-2020 09:57:10 AM
Delhi should make it a priority to begin talks with Nepal on revising, replacing, or simply discarding the 1950 treaty. It should negotiate a new set of mutually satisfactory arrangements. India had conducted a similar exercise with Bhutan to replace the 1949 treaty during 2006-07. The issues and political context are certainly more complicated in the case of Nepal.Source: IndianExpress
01-Jun-2020 19:23:54 PM
Shyam Saran has disclosed in his book How India Sees the World that the LAC was discussed during Chinese Premier Li Peng’s 1991 visit to India, where PM P V Narasimha Rao and Li reached an understanding to maintain peace and tranquillity at the LAC Sorce: Indian Express
30-May-2020 08:51:17 AM
For too long India has invoked a “special relationship”, based on shared culture, language and religion, to anchor its ties with Nepal. Today, this term carries a negative connotation — that of a paternalistic India that is often insensitive and, worse still, a bully. There is a need to explore a normal relationship where India can be a generous partner . Source : The Hindu
27-May-2020 19:44:02 PM
India and China have signed several agreements - Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas (1993), Agreement on Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas (1996),Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (2013).However, according to the author,if China has indeed moved forward and built checkposts , India faces a fait accompli. Source: 9Dashline
26-May-2020 15:24:14 PM
Former Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee said in US Congress that a stronger Indo-US partnership is instrumental for the development of Asia.Ambassador Alice Wells endorses the Trump administration’s policy change towards India by offering advanced defence technology to support India’s readiness in the Indian Ocean. Source: The Print
useful link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fJyWPHNO5E&t=2203s
25-May-2020 08:35:01 AM
According to Nepal’s experts, the east of the Kali river should begin at the source of the river. The source according to them is in the mountains near Limpiyadhura, which is higher in altitude . India on the other hand says the border begins at Kalapani which India says is where the river begins. Read this brief on the issue.
23-May-2020 18:35:59 PM
The inauguration of a road from Dharchula to Lipu Lekh (China border) has started the controversy.This road follows the traditional pilgrim route for the KailashMansarovar yatra, which started in 1981 after about 25 years, when India and China agreed to reopen the pilgrim route via Lipu Lekh.The controversy has given Nepal’s Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli an opportunity to hide his government’s incompetence. Source : The Hindu
23-May-2020 18:02:20 PM
The Sugauli Treaty,1816 took away “the whole of the lowlands between the Rivers Kali and Rapti", from the King of Nepal. It also declined to the Raja of Nepal, all claim to or connection with the countries lying to the west of the River Kali. The present controversy has arisen since the Nepalese contest that the tributary that joins the Mahakali river at Kalapani is not the Kali river. Nepal now contends that the Kali river lies further west to the Lipu Lekh pass. Source: Indian Express
22-May-2020 16:45:36 PM
Catharine MacKinnon’s Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (1989) challenges two dominant ways of thinking about politics: liberalism, which wants to protect us from the power of the state, and Marxism, which wants to liberate us through the power of the state. What if neither is good enough to emancipate women? Mackinnon explains why patriarchal power permeates all forms of modern politics
22-May-2020 15:29:58 PM
The strategic relationship between the two countries is currently underdeveloped, despite strong converging interests. One challenge in the relationship comes from differences in priority theatres, with India’s in Indian Ocean and Canberra’s in the Pacific. If New Delhi defines the Pacific as its secondary area of interest then for Canberra the Indian Ocean is its second sea.Access to the Andaman and Nicobar islands would bring Australia to the heart of the Indian Ocean. Source: theinterpreter
22-May-2020 13:45:36 PM
The maxim Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium (where there is a right, there is a remedy) has anchored the common law for centuries. In India, the Constituent Assembly regarded the principle as so foundational that, through Article 32, it granted the Supreme Court the authority to issue a set of prerogative writs to enforce the fundamental rights Source : The Hindu
19-May-2020 18:12:07 PM
An analysis by Stanly Johny wherein he compares the current world order with that of the cold war era. He has referred to Novikov’s telegram and “Long Telegram”. Historians often trace the origins of the Cold War to these telegrams. Source : The Hindu
19-May-2020 13:49:39 PM
Delhi must look at the deeper issues in WHO.First is the need to develop new international norms that will increase the obligations of states and the powers of the WHO . Second is the question of funding.And Third is focus on few objectives . Source: Indian Express
18-May-2020 15:59:57 PM
India did not feature in the 6+2+1 format convened by the United Nations Secretariat on Afghanistan .It included six current physical neighbours of Afghanistan—China, Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan along with United States, Russia and Afghanistan.According to Vivek Katju , Ghani should have pushed for India’s inclusion.Even US was ok with India's absence.And thus the author suggests that,India must begin openly talking to the Taliban . Source: The Hindu
16-May-2020 20:33:14 PM
The author calls the imposition of NEET as an assault on the autonomy of universities and higher education institutions, particularly private, unaided ones.He declares it as a denial of Article 30 rights and Article 19(g) rights of private unaided institutions.According to him, Differential treatment for Minority rights are not the violation of the equality provision in Article 14.Substantive equality as opposed to formal equality, mandates differential treatment.
15-May-2020 16:35:17 PM
The ongoing churn in the world order, further complicated by the pandemic sweeping through the world, has raised concerns about future policy directions of BRICS. If the US-China rivalry intensifies, the already complex dynamics between India and China, India’s balancing act with the US, the growing Russia-China linkages, Russia-US tensions — raise the prospects of an ‘internal split.’ Source: ORF
12-May-2020 23:32:05 PM
Pratab Bhanu Mehta talks about a four-pronged assault - Assault on constitutionalism; Assault on bargaining power of labourers;An ideological assault on Indian labour and cultivation of an authoritarianism . Source : Indian Express
11-May-2020 11:25:51 AM
In this article , Rakesh Sood highlights 6 trends emerging in the post-pandemic new world order.Rising Asia; the retreat of the U.S. after a century of being in the forefront of shaping the global order;Intra European fission ; Rising China; Fading multilateralism and the energy factor. Source: The Hindu
09-May-2020 14:40:52 PM
The author suggests four sets of additional measures i. Restoring the trust in the system ii. Highlighting the direct benefit to citizens across the board iii. Renegotiation of multilateral institutions and iV. Uniting on the basis of First order values Source : ORF
07-May-2020 17:07:07 PM
To reform multilateralism -(1) There is a need of a renewed commitment to the original goals of multilateralism.(2) There is an urgent need for some strategic decoupling. (3) Going with those who shares first-order values — such as pluralism and democracy. Source: The Hindu
06-May-2020 17:06:23 PM
Political Science optional course for UPSC civil services exams by SHUBHRA RANJAN. Political Science optional has emerged as one of the best optional for UPSC Civil Services Examinations. The subject largely overlaps with General Studies syllabus like Polity, Modern History, International Relations. The subject deals with contemporary topics and therefore is also useful in preparation of essay and ethics paper as well.
05-May-2020 21:19:54 PM
In response to China's aggressive policies, United States has stepped up diplomatic consultations for cooperation with a geographically diverse group of countries, which has now been dubbed the Quad-plus because it includes South Korea, Vietnam and New Zealand in addition to the original Quad (United States, India, Australia and Japan). Source : Council on Foreign Relations
05-May-2020 13:36:19 PM
The scheme violates separation of Power; is responsible for Substandard works with no accountability; there are wide variations in the utilisation of the MPLAD amount and is largely used to appease or oblige limited sets of people. Source : The Hindu
05-May-2020 08:13:10 AM
For the foreseeable future, politics will drive new economic policies, not market-based rationality. Globalisation will not end, but it will be pushed into greater retreat. We are entering a new phase of capitalism. Source : Indian Express
03-May-2020 14:59:06 PM
India has activated its e-ITEC network, that gets medical experts to train healthcare personnel in countries in the neighbourhood through Institutions such as the AIIMS in Delhi and PGI, Chandigarh. Source : India Today
02-May-2020 13:28:29 PM
China,the leading contender of a global leader, has drawn the ire of the international community. Nations and communities are re-evaluating their dependence and relationship with the middle kingdom. Credit: ORF
01-May-2020 16:21:58 PM
The Chinese worldview is guided by three important principles(derived from its historical experience): GDP-ism,China-centrism and Chinese exceptionalism. Source: Indian Express
01-May-2020 14:51:13 PM
China’s behaviour after the coronavirus outbreak raises two issues: Beijing potentially miscalculating its way into a serious crisis and the second question - How to manage China? Source: The Print
30-Apr-2020 16:11:42 PM
Suhashini Haidar suggests that New Delhi should use the United Nations’s call for a pause in conflicts during the novel coronavirus pandemic, to ensure a hold on hostilities with Pakistan and consolidate its image and thereby its political weight in Afghanistan. Source: The Hindu
29-Apr-2020 16:26:35 PM
As ruled in the K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India (2017), the right to privacy is not absolute. Restrictions can be imposed.However, any such restriction must be tested against the requirements of legality, necessity and the doctrine of proportionality. Source: The Hindu
29-Apr-2020 16:18:01 PM
The articles suggests the post-pandemic world should build itself up based on following three principles: 1. Economies of “scale” should be replaced by economies of “scope” 2.Local systems solutions are essential for global systemic problems. 3.The third principle for the new economy is, empower the people, the fundamental requirement for genuine democracy. Source: Indian Express
29-Apr-2020 16:03:56 PM
The Trump visit to India testifies to the emergence of what may be termed a “contra-polar” world. A world wherein contradictory policy pursuits and contrarian impulses are increasingly becoming the norm.
29-Apr-2020 15:29:50 PM
Keeping in mind, your concern about the dynamic part of the PSIR/Polity syllabus . I will be uploading the relevant articles from both - The Hindu and Indian Express newspapers. Other relevant articles(from other sources like ORF,CSIS etc) will also be uploaded according to their suitability to the syllabus.
So you need not waste time hunting for the online content.Please refer to them and keep yourself updated.
29-Apr-2020 14:15:36 PM
Summary of Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA)
28-Apr-2020 08:40:33 AM
28-Apr-2020 08:32:53 AM
Video source : Cybersurg
28-Apr-2020 08:29:23 AM
Last week, Beijing unilaterally renamed 80 islands and other geographical features in the area, drawing criticism from neighbouring countries who have also laid claim to the same territory. Understand the geopolitics behind . Video: Vox
useful link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=luTPMHC7zHY
28-Apr-2020 08:16:37 AM
Video : Foreign Policy Association
28-Apr-2020 08:06:26 AM
A CNBC Video on explaining China's One Belt One Road Project.
28-Apr-2020 07:56:54 AM
Russia is an Arctic state and China calls itself a 'Near Arctic ' State. Credit: CaspianReport
27-Apr-2020 17:09:20 PM
The Video briefly explains why Russia goes for mineral mining in the region even if the projects cost dear to the country.Its more of geopolitics and soft power rather than economics. Credit: Vox
27-Apr-2020 17:04:04 PM
Within the last few years a significant amount of interest has developed in the Arctic Ocean and its seafloor features.The map shows claims of different nations.
27-Apr-2020 15:13:34 PM
ITEC is a bilateral assistance programme run by the Government of India..ITEC covers 161 countries across Asia, Africa, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, andseveral Pacific and Caribbean nations. Here is a summary.
26-Apr-2020 13:49:26 PM
Women leaders have good policies, clear communication and information-sharing, and leaders who listen. They are more democratic , more collaborative and more compassionate communicators.
25-Apr-2020 09:48:38 AM
The commission was formed to look for a new international economic order , including the need to restructure international trade, international finance, regulate multinational corporations, and to enhance the involvement of all countries in international development efforts.
24-Apr-2020 15:15:21 PM
22-Apr-2020 21:41:49 PM
The ‘17+1’ grouping — countries from this sub-region that include full EU members, plus China — has prevented the EU from formulating a unified approach to China.However the current human suffering from something being projected as the 'China Virus', might disrupt the equation. Credit:ORF
20-Apr-2020 18:02:44 PM
New International Economic Order
18-Apr-2020 14:41:44 PM
Important Facts related to Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project
15-Apr-2020 08:46:48 AM
A COMPREHENSIVE BOOK EDITED BY STEPHEN MCGLINCHEY, ROSIE WALTERS & CHRISTIAN SCHEINPFLUG. The PDF is available here.
14-Apr-2020 22:20:08 PM
Idealism in international relations by Peter Wilson published in LSE Research
13-Apr-2020 18:45:09 PM
Important Facts related to AAGC.
13-Apr-2020 18:43:41 PM
Important Facts related to BRICS
13-Apr-2020 08:29:25 AM
While lockdown is essentially the most effective tool for a country like India with such vast size and population. The strategy is not sustainable economically. The policy makers will have to find a sweet spot between the lackdown and a fully mobile economy.A piece by Samir Saran. Source: ORF
11-Apr-2020 13:49:28 PM
Understanding the dynamics of International Relations has its own challenges. No single theoretical paradigm caters to all the questions that the domain throws at theorists. Old paradigms soon become obsolete, new structures emerge. Here is an analysis by Jack Snyder.(Source - Foreign Policy )
11-Apr-2020 09:15:37 AM
08-Apr-2020 17:07:39 PM
Rome was not built in a day. The phrase applies to USA's rise from being a colony to a superpower in a span of 200 years. Credit: vox.com
07-Apr-2020 17:31:57 PM
In an editorial written for The Wall Street Journal , Henry Kissinger says, “The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order”. He further says,"A global retreat from balancing power with legitimacy will cause the social contract to disintegrate both domestically and internationally." Have a look.
06-Apr-2020 18:46:37 PM
"It is correct to claim that the pandemic has to be fought on a war footing; however, without data and without protective equipment, it is like fighting a war blindfolded and without weapons." Source: ORF
04-Apr-2020 18:00:59 PM
"When it comes to foreign policy, I would focus more on woods rather than on trees.", says Dr Jaishankar. Such realism has been displayed in Modi Era Diplomacy. Here is an analysis.
01-Apr-2020 14:31:25 PM
There is no doubt about the exceptional insight that Dr Jaishankar has in India's global engagements . Here he claims that unlike China, India suffered "Two centuries of Humiliation". He also explains how the west has kept India limited to that Goldilock zone wherein India is not allowed to exceed the western design. But he also asserts that in this new world order, the principle stands obsolete.
useful link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HUtbsPOE944&t=782s
31-Mar-2020 18:35:18 PM
An excellent piece in the New York Times , wherein the author looks at the Corona Pandemic from a different angle. How this crisis can help autocrats to tighten their grip in their respective countries.
30-Mar-2020 11:30:26 AM
In this time of global crisis, each country cannot afford to "reinvent its own wheel".We need to learn from the failures and success of others. Here is an analysis of Italy's experience, published on a very reputed platform - Harvard Business Review (HBR).
28-Mar-2020 21:06:59 PM
Without the necessary investments in its hard-power capabilities, India’s vision of a “safe, free, and open Indo-Pacific” will remain unfulfilled. India must take necessary steps to increase investments in its navy as it looks to counter growing Chinese influence in the IOR.
21-Mar-2020 09:37:05 AM
If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
Sun Tzu, The Art of War
20-Mar-2020 15:21:22 PM
"The origins of hot wars lie in cold wars,and the origins of cold wars are found in the anarchic ordering of the international arena..... Theorists explain what historians know: war is normal.
By - Kenneth N. Waltz, 1988
19-Mar-2020 09:09:52 AM
In this excellent piece, the writer dives deep into the question – Whether Judiciary members should accept the post-retirement jobs? He gives the constituent Assembly debates; previous examples and the recommendations of the Law Commission on the issue. He also gives an example which could be a model to follow for judiciary members. Courtesy: Indian Express
16-Mar-2020 15:00:14 PM
"Happy is the nation without history" - Cesare Beccaria
16-Mar-2020 10:03:29 AM
The article discusses Personal Data Protection Bill 2019 (PDP Bill), particularly two key questions : (a) the Central Government’s power to exempt agencies from the Bill’s provisions; and (b) the government’s access to anonymised and/or non-personal data gathered by data fiduciaries and processors. Courtesy: Observer Research Foundation
14-Mar-2020 09:38:14 AM
Due to the combination of a great variety of factors, the Arctic has gained a lot of global attention and interest. Here is an analysis about the response of various nations including that of India.
09-Mar-2020 11:20:36 AM
09-Mar-2020 11:13:56 AM
The deal was no surprise. Dr. Jaishankar aptly describes it as watching ‘Pakeezah’ after 17 Trailers. That's true for the content of the deal. Yet the future prospects of the deal opens up the debate about the elusive peace in this 'Great Games' country.
07-Mar-2020 11:43:36 AM
A nation that has the aspiration to become a leading power someday cannot continue with unsettled borders, an unintegrated region and under exploited opportunities. In this excellent piece , Dr Jaishankar calls for an unsentimental audit of Indian foreign policy.
07-Mar-2020 08:24:10 AM
06-Mar-2020 09:47:57 AM
06-Mar-2020 09:42:23 AM
In the past two decades, Indian politics has been undergoing a significant transition, which includes rapid changes in the demographic composition of Indian electorate and voters , alongside advancement in information and communication technology, which meant a larger population now consumes mass media. Courtesy: The Print
05-Mar-2020 10:25:20 AM
Once described as ‘Estranged democracies’ ( Dennis Kux), Inda and USA are now being seen as "Engaged Democracies".Here is an analysis of how the relation has evolved in Post World War era ; the determinants of the relationship and future prospects.
03-Mar-2020 09:00:53 AM
An insight into the Doha Accord by Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Ashwani Kumar Siwach, Defence and Strategic Expert,Meera Shankar, Former Ambassador,Prof. A.K. Pasha, Centre for West Asian Studies, JNU, Courtesy:"The Big Picture" show of Rajya Sabha TV
20-Feb-2020 18:26:51 PM
Although much is happening in the defence and security domain, India's trade relationship with US has become a weak link in the bilateral dynamics. Here is an analysis of the significance of the India-US trade relations.
20-Feb-2020 13:37:00 PM
Concerning the PSIR syllabus (Paper 1) under the topic - Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics. An insight by Rajeev Bhargava on - Why European model of secularism is not only incongruous in Indian context, but also loosing utility in current European socio-political landscape.
18-Feb-2020 10:31:57 AM
A session on "Westlessness in the world : Multilateralism in a changing world order" wherein India's EAM Dr. S. Jaishankar responds to US Senator Lindsay Graham as - "Dont worry senator. One democracy will settle it (Kashmir), and you know which one!"
useful link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0In57pOK1Pk&t=31s
17-Feb-2020 11:58:54 AM
16-Feb-2020 18:19:17 PM
With huge debt overhang of nearly 300% of its GDP and large surplus capacity in real estate and construction sector, steel and cement. A faltering China may be as big a challenge as an ascendant one.
12-Feb-2020 20:53:37 PM
5G is coming online at a time when western companies no longer dominate the global technology landscape. Chinese companies are playing an increasingly influential role.Thus boycotting Huawei is a political and not a technical issue
10-Feb-2020 09:46:18 AM
These offences of hate speeches violate not only the MCC but also the Representation of People Act (1951) and Indian Penal Code, 1860, writes S Y Quraishi
07-Feb-2020 06:28:56 AM
China's CMEC project is certainly going to decrease the diplomatic bandwidth that India currently has with Myanmar. It calls for deep reflection and comprehensive consultations with the finest minds in the country.
05-Feb-2020 17:04:32 PM
PM Narendra Modi and Brazilian President Jair Messias Bolsonaro held wide-ranging talks with a focus on boosting bilateral ties in key areas .
03-Feb-2020 20:02:46 PM
A brief summary of the Trump’s Plan on Israel – Palestine Issue along with it’s immediate repercussions .
03-Feb-2020 19:52:56 PM
The judiciary is beginning to interpret the Constitution in line with its revolutionary and transformative potential. The summary of an analysis by Chintan Chandrachud (Author of ‘The Cases that India Forgot’)
24-Jan-2020 16:48:37 PM
24-Jan-2020 11:51:05 AM